Growth, varietal development and cultivar diversity in seed production chain of cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) in India
Abstract views: 668 / PDF downloads: 782 / PDF downloads: 32
Keywords:Cluster bean, Crop scenario, Export, Seed production chain
India with a contribution of about 90% to the global production ranks first in the world in cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba [L.] Taub.) production. It is an important feed, fodder, food and industrial crop grown in arid and semiarid regions of West and North-West India specifically, Rajasthan, accounted for about 87.7% of the production and 91.5% of the acreage during 2020–21. India is also the major exporter of guar gum or derivatives in the international market and during 2022–23, earned valuable foreign exchange worth US $617.14 million by exporting 0.41 million tonnes (mt) of guar gum. During 2020–21 area, production and yield were reduced by 34.6%, 34.0% and 17.1%, respectively, over that of the 2010–11. The compound annual growth rate during the last five years of the decade was
-12.4%, -17.5 and -5.7% for acreage, production and yield, respectively. Despite negative CAGR for area during the last twenty years, the production and yield of cluster bean increased with a CAGR of 4.5 and 5.1%. A total of 39 forage or grain type varieties of cluster bean were released and notified during 1976–2023. Varieties HG 2-20 (14.1–45.2%; 8/8) followed by RGC 1038/Guar Karan (1.4–16.7%; 8/8); HG 365 (0.3–10.0%, 8/8) and RGC 1033 (14.9–62.0%; 7/8) were the major contributors with highest frequency of occurrence in the top-most five varieties in the seed chain. Seed requirement for the next five years was assessed. Timely availability of adequate quantity
of quality seed at affordable price requires holistic approach involving researchers and developmental personnel responsible for production of seed from both public and private sector.
Anonymous 2022a. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2021. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi, p. 272.
Anonymous. 2022b. Breeder seed review report 2020–21. Virtual XXV Breeder Seed Review Meeting. Crop Science Division, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi and Indian Institute of Seed Science, Mau, Uttar Pradesh, 12–13 May 2022, p. 128.
Anonymous. 2023. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2022. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi, p. 262.
APEDA. 2022. Accessed on June 16, 2022. https://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in
APEDA. 2023. Accessed on July 30, 2023. https://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in
Bhatt R K, A K Jukanti and M M Roy. 2015. Cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba [L.] Taub.), an important industrial arid legume: A review. Legume Research: 1–8. Online ISSN: 0976-0571/ Print ISSN :0250-5371. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18805/lr.v0iOF.11188
Bhupender, Amamlendu Kumar, Kalpana Kumari, Swati Kumari and K M Singh. 2020. An economic analysis of production and marketing of cluster bean in Rajasthan. Multilogic in Science 10(35): 1210–16.
Chauhan J S, Pal Satinder, Choudhury P R and Singh B B. 2016a. All India coordinated research projects and value for cultivation and use in field crops in India: Genesis, outputs and outcomes. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 50(6): 501–10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18805/ijare.v50i6.6687
Chauhan J S, Prasad S R, Pal S, Choudhury P R and Udayabhaskar K. 2016b. Seed production of field crops in India: Quality assurance, status, impact and way forward. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 86(5): 563–79. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v86i5.58233
Chauhan J S, Choudhury P R, Pal S and Singh K H. 2020a. Sustaining national food security and increasing farmers’ income through quality seed. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 90(12): 2285–2301. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v90i12.110311
Chauhan J S, P R Choudhury, S Pal and Singh K H. 2020b. Analysis of seed chain and its implication in rapeseed-mustard (Brassica spp.) production in India. Journal of Oilseeds Research 37(2): 71–84.
Chauhan J S, Subhash Chand, P R Choudhury, K H Singh, R K Agarwal, N R Bhardwaj and A K Roy. 2021. A scenario of breeding varieties and seed production of forage crops in India. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 81(3): 343–57.
Dhawan V and Kashish. 2015. An outlook of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) production in India. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 7(5): 529–32.
Directorate of Research, SKNAU, Jobner, Rajasthan. Accessed on July 10, 2023. http://www.sknau.ac.in
Kumar D. 2005. Status and direction of arid legume research in India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 75: 375–91.
Jindal Y, Sehrawat S K, Chhabra A K, Neeraj Kumar, Satish Kumar, Suresh Kumar, Yadav S S, Manju Dahia and Ram Niwas. 2021. Varieties of CCS HAU: Continued efforts towards food security (PUB ##21-058), Directorate ofResearch, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, pp. 152.
Mahla H R and Ramavtar Sharma. 2022. An easy method of artificial hybridization in two arid legumes, guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Taub.) and moth bean [Vigna aconitifolia (Jack.) Marechal]. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 82(1): 109–12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31742/IJGPB.82.1.16
Pathak R, Singh S K, Singh M and Henary A. 2010. Molecular assessment of genetic diversity of cluster bean (C. tetragonoloba L.) genotypes. Journal of Genetics 89: 243–46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12041-010-0033-y
Punia A, Yadav R, Arora P and Chaudhary A. 2009. Molecular and morphological characterization of superior cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) varieties. Journal of Crop Science Biotechnology 12: 143–48. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12892-009-0106-8
Roy A K, R K Agrawal, Shahid Ahmad, R V Kumar, A K Mall, N R Bhardwaj, Ritu Mawar, D N Singh, S R Kantwa and S A Faruqui. 2018. Database of forage crop varieties: 2018. AICRP on Forage Crops and Utilization, ICAR-IGFRI, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, pp. 344.
Seednet. 2022. Accessed on March 18, 2022. https://seednet.gov.in
Seednet. 2023. Accessed on July 6–8, 2023. https://seednet.gov.in
Tiwari A K, Shivhare A K and Tikle A. 2020. Cluster Bean. Directorate of Pulses Development, Government of India, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh (www.dpd.gov.in), pp. 2.
Trivedi R K and Gunasekaran M. 2013. Indian Minimum Seed Certification Standards. The Central Seed Certification Board, Department of Agriculture and Co-operation Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, pp. 569.
Vikaspedia. 2022. Accessed on June 12, 2022. https://vikaspedia.gov.in
Yadava D K, P R Choudhury, A N Singh and Sripathy K V. 2023. Report of XXVI Breeder Seed Review Meeting. Crop Science Division, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp.132.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The copyright of the articles published in The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences is vested with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, which reserves the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad, for reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information. The Council has no objection to using the material, provided the information is not being utilized for commercial purposes and wherever the information is being used, proper credit is given to ICAR.