Growth, varietal development and cultivar diversity in seed production chain of cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) in India


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Authors

  • J S CHAUHAN Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi 110 001, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0502-7347
  • K H SINGH ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Indore, Madhya Pradesh
  • P R CHOUDHURY Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi 110 001, India
  • R K SINGH Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi 110 001, India
  • J P MISHRA ICAR-Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone II, CAZRI Campus, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i8.125470

Keywords:

Cluster bean, Crop scenario, Export, Seed production chain

Abstract

India with a contribution of about 90% to the global production ranks first in the world in cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba [L.] Taub.) production. It is an important feed, fodder, food and industrial crop grown in arid and semiarid regions of West and North-West India specifically, Rajasthan, accounted for about 87.7% of the production and 91.5% of the acreage during 2020–21. India is also the major exporter of guar gum or derivatives in the international market and during 2022–23, earned valuable foreign exchange worth US $617.14 million by exporting 0.41 million tonnes (mt) of guar gum. During 2020–21 area, production and yield were reduced by 34.6%, 34.0% and 17.1%, respectively, over that of the 2010–11. The compound annual growth rate during the last five years of the decade was
-12.4%, -17.5 and -5.7% for acreage, production and yield, respectively. Despite negative CAGR for area during the last twenty years, the production and yield of cluster bean increased with a CAGR of 4.5 and 5.1%. A total of 39 forage or grain type varieties of cluster bean were released and notified during 1976–2023. Varieties HG 2-20 (14.1–45.2%; 8/8) followed by RGC 1038/Guar Karan (1.4–16.7%; 8/8); HG 365 (0.3–10.0%, 8/8) and RGC 1033 (14.9–62.0%; 7/8) were the major contributors with highest frequency of occurrence in the top-most five varieties in the seed chain. Seed requirement for the next five years was assessed. Timely availability of adequate quantity
of quality seed at affordable price requires holistic approach involving researchers and developmental personnel responsible for production of seed from both public and private sector.

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References

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Submitted

2022-07-06

Published

2023-08-30

Issue

Section

Review Article

How to Cite

CHAUHAN, J. S., SINGH, K. H., CHOUDHURY, P. R., SINGH, R. K., & MISHRA, J. P. (2023). Growth, varietal development and cultivar diversity in seed production chain of cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) in India. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(8), 811–820. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i8.125470
Citation