The Standardization of growing substrate for multiplication of guava (Psidium guajava) through cuttings


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Authors

  • TALIB AFZAL SHEIKH Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Chatha, Jammu and Kashmir 180 009, India
  • YOUSRA MUKHTAR Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Chatha, Jammu and Kashmir 180 009, India
  • AMIT JASROTIA Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Chatha, Jammu and Kashmir 180 009, India
  • PARSHANT BAKSHI Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Chatha, Jammu and Kashmir 180 009, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i4.133189

Keywords:

Clonal propagation, Coco peat, Growing substrate, Vermiculite

Abstract

Experiments under the polyhouse were conducted for two consecutive years (2021 and 2022) at Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (SKUAST-J), Jammu and Kashmir to evaluate the effect of different growing substrates on guava (Psidium guajava L.) multiplication through cuttings. Twelve substrate combinations were tried in polybags and polytrays under a polytunnel in a polyhouse provided with mist irrigation. The study revealed a positive effect of different growing substrates on growth parameters and successful propagation of guava cuttings. The perusal of the pooled data revealed that T9 was the most effective growing substrate which recorded maximum rooting percentage, survival percentage, plant height, fresh and dry weight, the diameter of thickest sprout, shoot length, length of longest root, leaf area, and the number of roots, shoots, leaves per longest
shoot along with minimum mortality percentage and days to first sprouting. However, some growth parameters such as stem thickness, chlorophyll percentage, number of sprouts, sprouted cuttings, and leaves of planted guava cuttings yielded the best results in T10. Cuttings grown in topsoil only without any growing substrate (T12) provided the least values of all the growth parameters of guava cuttings.

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Submitted

2023-02-13

Published

2023-05-03

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How to Cite

SHEIKH, T. A., MUKHTAR, Y., JASROTIA, A., & BAKSHI, P. (2023). The Standardization of growing substrate for multiplication of guava (Psidium guajava) through cuttings. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(4), 432–437. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i4.133189
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