Effect of nutrients and organic substances on growth and quality attributes of apple (Malus × domestica) cv. Anna insemi-arid region of Haryana


Abstract views: 177 / PDF downloads: 245

Authors

  • MOHAN LAL JAT Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 001, India
  • G S RANA Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 001, India
  • JITENDRA SINGH SHIVRAN Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand
  • R K JAT Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner, Jaipur, Rajasthan
  • RAJESH MOR Maharana Pratap Horticultural University, Karnal, Haryana
  • SANTOSH KUMARI haudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 001, India
  • GAGAN MEHTA Maharana Pratap Horticultural University, Karnal, Haryana
  • ANKIT GAVRI Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 001, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i1.141746

Keywords:

Anna apple, Cow urine, Growth, Humic acid, Quality, Yield

Abstract

An experiment was conducted during 2020–21 and 2021–22 at Horticulture farm of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana to study the effect of different plant nutrients and organic substances on growth, flowering, quality and yield attributes of the apple (Malus × domestica Borkh) cultivar Anna. The experiment consists of 19 treatments laid out in a randomized block design. Among the various treatments used, T12 (2.0% nitrogen plus 15% cow urine) was found superior for the growth characteristics of plants, viz. plant height (2.87 m) and plant spread (3.02 m). However, the number of days taken for flowering (70.83), fruit set (19.72 %), fruit weight (177.68 g), fruit diameter (6.40 cm), yield (11.25 kg/plant), TSS (11.45 °Brix), acidity (0.51%), total sugars (10.01%), total phenol (70.72 mg GAE/g), total anthocyanin (19.11 mg/100 g) and total carbohydrate (155.55 mg/g) content were significantly influenced by treatment T6 (400 ppm Boron + 4% Humic acid) during both the years.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad W, Niaz A, Kanwal S, Rahmatullah and Rasheed M K. 2009. Role of boron on growth: A review. Journal of Agriculture Research 47: 329–38.

Al l o wa y B J. 20 0 8 . Micronutrients and crop production: An introduction. Micronutrient deficiencies in global crop production, pp. 1–39. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Asad S A. 2014. The influence of spraying sitofex, iron, manganese and zinc on ‘Anna’ apple trees planted on new reclaimed calcareous land. Life Science Journal 11: 1–8.

Babita S and Rao S N. 2015. A study on seasonal fluctuations in physico-chemical variables in spring fed Kosi River at Almora province from central Himalaya, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 4(4): 418–25.

Baker G A and Davis I D. 1951. Growth of the cheek diameter of peaches. Proceedings of the American Society for Horticulture Science 57: 104–10.

Banyal S K and Banyal A K. 2019. Foliar Fertilization for enhancing yield and fruit quality of apple under rain-fed conditions of mid-himalayas. Journal of Krishi Vigyan 8(1): 137–41.

Bhatt P and Singh V K. 2022. Effect of humic acid on soil properties and crop production: A review. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 92(12): 1423–30.

El-Shewy A A and Abdel-Khalek A I. 2014. Physiological studies on the effect of foliar spray with some micronutrients on leaf mineral content, yield and fruit quality of "Florida Prince and Desert Red" peach trees. Trends in Horticultural Research 4(1): 20–30.

Fernández V, Sotiropoulos T and Brown P H. 2013. Foliar fertilization. Scientific Principles and Field Practices. International Fertilizer Industry Association, Paris.

Gopal V and Gurusiddappa L H. 2022. Influence of jeevamrutha (fermented liquid manure) on growth and yield parameters of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). World Journal of Environmental Biosciences 11(3): 1–7.

Hegazi E S, El-Motaium R A, Yehia T A and Hashim M E. 2018. Effect of foliar boron application on boron, chlorophyll, phenol, sugars and hormones concentration of olive (Olea europaea L.) buds, leaves, and fruits. Journal of Plant Nutrition 41(6): 749–65.

Herbert D, Phipps P J and Strange R F. 1971. Determination of total carbohydrates. Methods in Microbian 5(B): 209–44.

Hermans C, Hammond J P, White P J and Verbruggen N. 2006. How to plants respond to nutrient shortage by biomass allocation?. Trend in Plants Science 11(12): 610–17.

Jindo K, Canellas L P, Albacete A, Figueiredo dos Santos L, Frinhani Rocha R L, Carvalho Baia D and Olivares F L. 2020. Interaction between humic substances and plant hormones for phosphorous acquisition. Agronomy 10(5): 640.

Marschner H. 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, 2nd edn. Academic Press, The Netherlands.

Matas M A, Gonzalez-Fontes A and Camacho-Cristobal J J. 2009. Effect of boron supply on nitrate concentration and its reduction in roots and leaves of tobacco plants. Biologia Plantarum 53(1): 120–24.

Nihad K, Haris A A, Subramanian P, Mathew J, Indhuja S, Neenu S, Bhat R and Shil S. 2023. Efficient nutrient recycling strategy through integrated nutrient management in hybrid napier within a coconut (Cocos nucifera)-based system. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 93(6): 647–52.

Nardi S, Schiavon M and Francioso O. 2021. Chemical structure and biological activity of humic substances define their role as plant growth promoters. Molecules 26: 2256.

Ngullie C R, Tank R V and Bhanderi D R. 2014. Effect of salicylic acid and humic acid on flowering, fruiting, yield and quality of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Kesar. Advance Research Journal of Crop Improvement 5(2): 136–39.

Raese J T, Drake S R and Curry E A. 2007. Nitrogen fertilizer influences fruit quality, soil nutrients and cover crops, leaf color and nitrogen content, biennial bearing and cold hardiness of Golden Delicious. Journal of Plant Nutrition 30(10): 1585–1604.

Ranganna S. 1986. Handbook of Analysis and Quality Control for Fruits and Vegetable Products. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Cooperation Limited, New Delhi.

Sharma P, Yadav R K, Jain M C and Bhateshwar M C. 2023. Improvement of papaya (Carica papaya L.) seed germination, seedling growth and chlorophyll content by using growing medium and organic liquid. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13(9): 2496–2506.

Singh V J, Sharma S D, Kumar P and Bhardwaj S K. 2012. Effect of bio-organic and inorganic nutrient sources to improve leaf nutrient status in apricot. Indian Journal of Horticulture 69(1): 45–49.

Singleton V and Rossi J. 1999. Colorimetry of total phenolic compounds with phosphomolybdic phosphotungstic acid reagents. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 16: 14.

Somaa I A. 2007. ‘Studies on the effect of humic acid on growth and fruiting of Anna apple under middle delta conditions’. M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture Minufiya University, Egypt.

Sohnika R, Akash S, Wali V K, Parshant B, Manish B and Sandeep G. 2017. Effect of foliar nutrition on yield, quality and shelf-life of mango cv. Dashehari under Jammu sub-tropics. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 87(2): 185–190.

Sourour M M. 2000. Effect of foliar application of some micronutrient forms on growth, yield, fruit quality and leaf mineral composition of Valencia orange trees grown in North- Sinai. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research 45(1): 269–85.

Suman M, Sangma P D and Singh D. 2017. Role of micronutrients (Fe, Zn, B, Cu, Mg, Mn and Mo) in fruit crops. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6: 3240–50.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-08-31

Published

2024-01-12

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

JAT, M. L. ., RANA, G. S. ., SHIVRAN, J. S. ., JAT, R. K. ., MOR, R. ., KUMARI, S. ., MEHTA, G. ., & GAVRI, A. . (2024). Effect of nutrients and organic substances on growth and quality attributes of apple (Malus × domestica) cv. Anna insemi-arid region of Haryana. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 94(1), 050–055. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v94i1.141746
Citation