Zinc management effects on quality and nutrient yield of fodder maize (Zea mays)

Abstract views: 284 / PDF downloads: 156


  • RAKESH KUMAR ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana
  • M SINGH ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana
  • B S MEENA ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana
  • H RAM ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana
  • C M PARIHAR ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana
  • SOURABH KUMAR ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana
  • M R YADAV ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana
  • R K MEENA ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana
  • U KUMAR ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana
  • V K MEENA ICAR-National Dairy research institute, Karnal, Haryana



Fodder maize, Foliar zinc nutrition, Productivity and Quality


Relationship between zinc deficiencies in soil that inturn in crop plants, animal and ultimately in human nutrition is reported in several studies. Agronomic fortification through soil and foliar application of zinc could be viable option to improve the productivity and quality of fodder maize, which ultimately helps in alleviate zinc deficiency in animals. Therefore, we attempted to evaluate the performance of fodder maize (Zea mays L.) in two consecutive kharif seasons, i.e. 2014 and 2015. The experiment was laid out in split plot arrangement with two main-plot treatments consisting of varieties (African tall and J-1006) and six sub-plot treatments of zinc fertilization (Zn0-No zinc sulphate; Zn1-10 kg/ha ZnSO04 as basal dose ; Zn2 -20 kg/ha ZnSO04 as basal dose ; Zn3 -0.5% one foliar spray of ZnSO4 at 30 DAS ; Zn4 -0.5% two foliar spray of ZnSO4 at 30 and 45 DAS and Zn5 -10 kg/ha ZnSO4 as basal dose +0.5% one foliar spray at 30 DAS). Results shows that both the verieties tested were found statistically at par for all the tested parameters except crude protein (CP) content, in which J-1006 accumulated higher CP over African tall. The highest green and dry fodder yield were recorded with Zn2(60.16 and 14.15 tonnes/ha) which was on par to Zn5 and Zn4 while lowest with Zn0 (46.69 and 10.25 tonnes/ha). Likewise CP, ether extract (EE) and ash content and their yields found maximum with treatment soil application @ 20 kg ZnSO4 followed by combined fertilization soil application @ 10kg ZnSO4 + one foliar spray of 0.5% Zn sulphate and two foliar spray of 0.5% of Zn sulphate. However, in contrast to these the maximum values of neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF) and acid detergent lignin (ADL) reported with Zn0 (66.87, 43.43 and 5.44% DM) while lowest with Zn4 (64.30, 41.56 and 5.20% DM). The zinc fertilization of maize with 20 kg/ha ZnSO4 hepta hydrate as basal dose resulted in 31.3 and 50.9% higher zinc content and uptake, respectively over control. Overall, our study suggest that zinc fertilization of maize through soil and/or foliar spray can enhance not only fodder productivity and quality but also improve, nutrient uptake of fodder maize in north-western region of India and elsewhere under similar agro-climatic conditions.


Download data is not yet available.


Almodares C A, Jafarinia M and Hadi M R. 2009. Effects of nitrogen fertilizer on chemical compositions in corn and sweet sorghum. American Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 6 : 441–6.

Anonymous. 2013. Vision-2050. Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, ICAR, Jhansi.

AOAC. 2005. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 18th edn. Official Methods of Analysis, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Cakmak I. 2000. Possible roles of zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species. New Phytol 146: 185–205. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00630.x

GOI 2014. 19 Livestock Census-2012 All India Report. Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi.

Gomez K A and Gomez A A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, p 680. John Willey and Sons, Singapore.

Hamsa A and Puttaiah E T. 2012. Residual effect of zinc and boron on growth and yield of french bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)- rice (Oryza sativa L.) cropping system. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 3 : 167–71.

IRRI. 1999. IRRISTAT for windows version 4.0. Biometric Unit, IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines.

Jat S L, Shivay Y S and Parihar C M. 2014. Effect of dual-purpose summer legumes and zinc fertilization on system productivity, economics and nutrient use-efficiencies of rice (Oryza sativa)– wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 84(8):942-50.

Kumar, B. 2013. Productivity and quality of fodder corn (Zea mays L.) under soil and foliar zinc application. (In) Proceedings of: XVII International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Plant Nutrition for Nutrient and Food Security (IPNC-2013), Istanbul, Turkey.

Kumar R, Rathore D K, Meena B S, Ashutosh, Singh M, Kumar U and Meena V K. 2016. Enhancing productivity and quality of fodder maize through soil and foliar zinc nutrition. Indian Journal of Agriculture Research 50: 259–63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18805/ijare.v50i3.10747

Marschner H. 1986. Functions of mineral nutrients: macronutrients. (In) Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, pp 195–267. Haynes RJ (Ed). Academic Press, Orlando, FL.

Meena S K, Mundra S L and Singh P. 2013. Response of maize (Zea mays L.) to nitrogen and zinc fertilization. Indian Journal of Agronomy 58 :127–8.

Mousavi S R, Galavi M and Rezaei M. 2013. Zinc (Zn) importance for crop production-A review. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 4: 64–8.

Nube M and Voortman R L. 2006. Simultaneously addressing micronutrient deficiencies in soils, crops, animal and human nutrition: opportunities for higher yields and better health. Staff Working Paper 06-02, Centre for World Food Studies, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Oosterhuis D, Hake K and Burmester C. 1996. Foliar feeding cotton. Cotton Physiology Today, National Cotton Council of America 2 : 1–7.

Prasad R, Shivay Y S, Kumar D and Sharma S N. 2006. Learning by Doing Exercises in Soil Fertility (A Practical Manual for Soil Fertility). Division of Agronomy, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.

Shivay Y S and Prasad R. 2014 Effect of source and methods of zinc application on corn productivity, nitrogen and zinc concentrations and uptake by high quality protein corn (Zea mays). Egyptian Journal of Biology 16: 72–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/ejb.v16i1.10

Singh M V. 2011. Assessing extent of zinc deficiency for soil fertility mapping and nutrition security in humans and animals. Indian Journal of Fertilizer 7: 36–43.

Van Soest P J, Robertson J B and Lewis B A. 1991. Methods for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fibre and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Sciences 74: 3 583–97. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2









How to Cite

KUMAR, R., SINGH, M., MEENA, B. S., RAM, H., PARIHAR, C. M., KUMAR, S., YADAV, M. R., MEENA, R. K., KUMAR, U., & MEENA, V. K. (2017). Zinc management effects on quality and nutrient yield of fodder maize (Zea mays). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 87(8), 1013–1017. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v87i8.73070