Composite carp culture in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha: A comparative study
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The study compares the economics of composite carp culture practices of two randomly chosen districts in eastern India viz. West Godavari in the state of Andhra Pradesh and Jagatsinghpur in disha State. Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are endowed with vast resources for carp farming. However, in the present study the districts were found to vary widely in terms of technology and level of input use. Data were collected by personally interviewing the respondents (102 from West Godavari and 90 from Jagatsinghpur) chosen through multistage random sampling and by using a structured schedule. Level of adoption of composite carp culture technology in West Godavari District was worked out as 70.21±17.94 which is higher than Jagatsinghpur District (59.46±23.16). The average fish yield recorded for the two districts were 8.3 and 2.7 t ha-1 yr-1 respectively. Higher yield in the former may be ascribed to input intensive culture, entrepreneurial interest and adoption of recommended practices of carp culture. Taking into consideration, total cost incurred and return of carp culture, the Benefit- Cost ratio was worked out as 1.66 and 1.52 for West Godavari and Jagatsinghpur respectively. The study indicates that composite carp culture has the potential to be a profitable venture by adopting the recommended package of practices.
Keywords: Adoption, Benefit:Cost ratio, Composite carp culture, Economics