Scientometric profiling of reservoir fisheries research in India during 1998 – 2019, in comparison to the global scenario
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Reservoirs are major inland water resources benefitting society through multiple ecosystem services, including fish production. However, the scope of the reservoirs in India is yet to be explored for its full fisheries potential and the scientific/management personnel are engaged in bridging the yield gap. This paper reviews the research progress made in Indian reservoir fisheries from 1998 to 2019 as a case and compares with global studies using bibliometric indicators extracted from the Web of Science (WoS) database. A total of 7607 papers published globally, mainly by the USA (2662 papers), Brazil (874 papers), and People’s Republic China (678 papers) were considered. India produced 162 publications (2.13% of total papers) during the period mainly authored by research institutes of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). The predominant research subjects both globally and in India were ‘Environmental Sciences, Ecology, Marine and Freshwater Biology, and Fisheries’, though the composition varies. The trend in the reservoir research output indicated a shift towards applied research such as spatial planning and cage culture which offers scope for the international scientific fraternity to collaborate with Indian counterparts to solve common researchable issues. Indian authors have collaborated with 29 countries on various researchable issues, and preferred Indian journals for publications. The reservoir research in India is mainly funded by public sources and the extent of work carried out on a particular geographical area depends on the nearness to laboratories and availability of the infrastructure. This study advocates that creation of research network at pan-India level in collaboration with international partners would benefit the reservoir fisheries research in the future. This analysis including the trend and dynamics of Indian reservoir fisheries portrayed as a case study would aid in prioritising research efforts for the development of the sector in India and elsewhere.
Keywords: Bibliometric indicators, Collaboration, Reservoir fisheries, Scientometrics, Web of Science