Effect of stocking density on the survival and growth of tank-reared Deccan mahseer Tor khudree (Sykes, 1849)


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Short title: Stocking density of T. khudree for seed rearing

Authors

  • Gangadhar Barlaya Principal Scientist (Aquaculture), ICAR - Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture
  • C. H. Raghavendra
  • K. Anantharaja
  • B. S. Ananda Kumar
  • K. Hemaprasanth

https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2023.70.1.127811-20

Keywords:

Blue-fin mahseer, Seed rearing, Peninsular carp, Stocking density

Abstract

 Deccan mahseer, Tor khudree (Sykes, 1849) is the most popular mahseer species of the Western Ghats. However, information
on optimising stocking density for fingerling rearing is not available for T. khudree. A study was undertaken to evaluate the
effect of stocking density on the growth and survival of the blue-fin mahseer, Tor khudree in fry to fingerling rearing. Fish
were reared for 90 days at stocking densities of 15, 25, 35 and 45 fish m-2 in soil-based 24 m2 masonry tanks. The tanks were
fertilised initially with cow dung at 3 t ha-1 and were stocked with fry of T. khudree (mean length 1.31±0.09 cm; weight
9.49±0.12 mg) after a week of manuring. A mixture (1:1) of powdered groundnut oil cake and rice bran was fed at 10% of
body weight to the fish during the first month. Subsequently, fish were fed to satiation with a fishmeal-based sinking pelleted
feed (3 mm, 35% crude protein). The length of fish at harvest ranged from 5.03 to 6.43 cm and weight from 1.39 to 3.47 g.
The mean final length, weight, specific growth rate and condition factor were the highest (p<0.05) under 15 m-2 and lowest
under 45 m-2 stocking density. The condition factor remained above 1 under all the treatments. No significant (p>0.05)
difference in the survival of fish at harvest was recorded. Fish biomass estimates were higher (p<0.05) at higher stocking
densities. The similar (p>0.05) final length and condition factor between the stocking densities of 15, 25 and 35 m-2 and the
highest fish biomass at 35 m-2 indicate a stocking density of 35 fry m-2 as optimal for fry to fingerling rearing of T. khudree.

Keywords: Blue-fin mahseer, Peninsular carp, Seed rearing, Stocking density

Author Biography

  • Gangadhar Barlaya, Principal Scientist (Aquaculture), ICAR - Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture

    Peninsular Aquaculture Division

    Principal Scientist

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Submitted

2022-09-07

Published

2023-03-31

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How to Cite

Barlaya, G., C. H. Raghavendra, K. Anantharaja, B. S. Ananda Kumar, & K. Hemaprasanth. (2023). Effect of stocking density on the survival and growth of tank-reared Deccan mahseer Tor khudree (Sykes, 1849): Short title: Stocking density of T. khudree for seed rearing. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 70(1). https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2023.70.1.127811-20