Economic impact of aquaculture in floodplains - a case study of Sonmar Chaur in Bihar, India


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Authors

  • Raushan Kumar MFSc, Central Institute of Fisheries Education
  • Nalini Ranjan Kumar Principal Scientist, Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE), Mumbai
  • P. K. Katiha Principal Scientist, NAIP
  • M. Krishnan Principal Scientist, Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE), Mumbai
  • Satya Prakash MFSc, Central Institute of Fisheries Education
  • Manoj Kumar MFSc, Central Institute of Fisheries Education

https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2016.63.3.41676-14

Abstract

Chaurs are shallow water logged areas and have limited scope for agriculture, but can be better utilised for agriculture cum fish production. About 70% (28.34 ha) area of Sonmar chaur in Bihar has been converted into small ponds for aquaculture purposes. Income and employment generated from the chaur from both agriculture and fisheries and fish disposal pattern were studied. The study revealed aquaculture as most profitable enterprise `3,28,000 ha-1) with BC ratio 1.46 followed by agriculture (`37,900 ha-1) and culture based fisheries (`34,400 ha-1) with B-C ratio 2.1 and 2.6, respectively. Maximum employment was generated from aquaculture (1411 man days ha-1) followed by culture based fisheries (70 man days ha-1) and agriculture (35 man days ha-1). The higher employment generation in culture fisheries was mainly due to requirement for watch and ward. The fish was sold either directly to the ultimate consumers or through the vendors. Among the two marketing channels operatings Channel-I in which producer sells directly to consumers was found more efficient (69.7). Though, aquaculture was more profitable and generated higher employment, it requires much higher resources for its practice which may hinder small holders to adopt such practice and also it may impact certain indirect uses of these water bodies. Environmental impact assessment and support to small farmers are needed to utilise such water bodies through aquaculture.

Author Biographies

  • Raushan Kumar, MFSc, Central Institute of Fisheries Education
    Fisheries Economics
  • Nalini Ranjan Kumar, Principal Scientist, Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE), Mumbai
    Fisheries Economics, Extension and Statistics Division
  • P. K. Katiha, Principal Scientist, NAIP
    National coordinator, NAIP, KAB-II, Pusa, New Delhi
  • M. Krishnan, Principal Scientist, Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE), Mumbai
    Fisheries Economics, Extension and Statistics Division
  • Satya Prakash, MFSc, Central Institute of Fisheries Education
    Aquaculture
  • Manoj Kumar, MFSc, Central Institute of Fisheries Education
    Fisheries Extension

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Submitted

2014-06-24

Published

2016-09-30

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Articles

How to Cite

Economic impact of aquaculture in floodplains - a case study of Sonmar Chaur in Bihar, India. (2016). Indian Journal of Fisheries, 63(3). https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2016.63.3.41676-14