Feeding Artemia nauplii enriched with the probiotic bacterium Bacillus subtilis improved growth performance, survival and digestive enzyme activity of Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758) larvae


Abstract views: 121 / PDF downloads: 195

Authors

  • S. P. Kamble RRC of ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Harni Road, Vadodara, Gujarat
  • A. K. Sahu
  • S. Mohanty
  • S. K. Sahoo
  • K. Murmu
  • Chandra Prakash
  • N. K. Chadha

https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2019.66.2.75241-19

Abstract

 Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758) larvae were subjected to different modes of probiotic (Bacillus subtilis) administration such as:  T1: feeding Artemia nauplii enriched with B. subtilis; T2: feeding enriched Artemia nauplii + addition of B. subtilis in water  and T3: addition of B. subtilis in water alone, for a period of 14 days. A control group (T0) with no probiotic administration was also maintained. On termination of the experiment, probiotic supplemented through enriched Artemia nauplii along with addition in  water (T2) yielded significantly (p<0.05) higher length,  weight, weight gain, specific growth rate and survival compared to control (T0) and T3 groups. All these parameters did not differ significantly (p>0.05) between T1 and T2. Similar trend was observed in the case of total gut bacterial count and digestive enzyme activity. The highest (p<0.05) digestive enzyme activity of protease, lipase and amylase   were recorded in T2, while no significant (p>0.05) difference was observed between T2 and T1. The present study reiterated the advantage of B. subtilis, and its administration through enriched Artemia nauplii which could be a promising supplementation mode during   C. batrachus larval rearing.

 Keywords: Growth, Larval rearing, Magur, Probiotic, Survival

Downloads

Submitted

2017-10-23

Published

2019-06-30

Issue

Section

Note

How to Cite

Kamble, S. P., Sahu, A. K., Mohanty, S., Sahoo, S. K., Murmu, K., Prakash, C., & Chadha, N. K. (2019). Feeding Artemia nauplii enriched with the probiotic bacterium Bacillus subtilis improved growth performance, survival and digestive enzyme activity of Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758) larvae. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 66(2). https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2019.66.2.75241-19