Catch per unit effort, condition factor and length-weight relationship of albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) in the longline tuna fishery in the eastern Pacific Ocean


Abstract views: 394 / PDF downloads: 229

Authors

  • Nyatchouba Nsangue Bruno Thierry College of Marine Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China
  • Zhou Cheng Fisheries College, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, P. R. China
  • Njomoue Pandong Achille College of Marine Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, P. R. China
  • Kindong Richard College of Marine Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, P. R. China
  • Liuxiong Xu

https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2021.68.2.87673-04

Abstract

Highly migratory tuna species play an important economic role and ecosystem function worldwide. They are mainly caught
in tropical and subtropical areas of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. Data collected by the Chinese longline fishery
in the high seas of the Eastern Pacific Ocean from 2014 to 2015 were analysed to estimate the catch per unit effort (CPUE),
length and weight frequency, length-weight relationship, relative condition factor and Fulton’s condition factor for albacore
tuna (Thunnus alalunga), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus). The results showed that
this fishing technique was highly selective for these three species. Albacore tuna represented the major portion of the catches
at 76.17%. Yellowfin and bigeye tuna represented 8.24 and 11.68% of the total of specimens, respectively. The remaining
3.9% were bycatch such as Katsuwonus pelamis, Acanthocybium solandri, Ruvettus pretiosus, Xiphias gladius, Lampris
guttatus, Carcharodon carcharias and Scomberomorus guttatus. The average fork length for albacore tuna was 90-100 cm;
yellowfin tuna, 100-130 cm and bigeye tuna, 125-165 cm. The average weight for albacore tuna was 15-20 kg; yellowfin
tuna, 20-50 kg and bigeye tuna, 35-55 kg. The CPUE (based on fish per one thousand hooks) for albacore, yellowfin tuna
and bigeye tuna ranged from 1.6 to 9.82, 1.07 to 2.66 and 1.06 to 3.45, respectively. The parameters of the length-weight
relationship showed a negative allometric growth regression of 2.7135 for albacore tuna, 2.3275 for yellowfin tuna and
2.4047 for bigeye tuna. Nevertheless, the albacore and yellowfin tuna females were characterised by positive allometry
(b>3). The analyses also showed that the relative condition factors (Krel) of the three fish species were greater than one,
implying that they were in good physiological condition, good water quality and healthy organisms.
Keywords: China, Fishing effort, Fish per hook, Tuna

Downloads

Submitted

2019-03-12

Published

2021-08-20

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Bruno Thierry, N. N., Cheng, Z., Pandong Achille, N., Richard, K., & Xu, L. (2021). Catch per unit effort, condition factor and length-weight relationship of albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) in the longline tuna fishery in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 68(2). https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2021.68.2.87673-04