Mantid fauna of cashew plantations, seasonal occurrence and biology of few species

Authors

  • K Vanitha
  • P S Bhat
  • T N Raviprasad

Keywords:

praying mantids, species, ootheca, instars, Tropidomantis guttatipennis, Humbertiella similis

Abstract

A total of 16 species of praying mantids, belonging to seven families and ten sub families were recorded in cashew plantations, of which, ten species are being reported for the fi rst time from Puttur region of Karnataka state. Among the families, Hymenopodidae and Mantidae members were represented by fi ve species each. Whereas, Iridopterygidae Liturgusidae, Tarachodidae, Empusidae and Toxoderidae were represented by a single species only. Though nymphs and adults of various mantid species were sporadically noticed from the mid rainy season (July) to summer season (April), mantids were frequent during fl ushing and fl owering periods of cashew. Different niche requirements were witnessed for different praying mantid species. Among the mantids, Eunatissa pulchra and Ephestiasula pictipes dominate the canopy area, while, Humbertiella similis dominate the trunk region of cashew. During the present investigation, biology of Tropidomantis guttatipennis, H. similis, Elmantis lata and Statilia maculata were studied under lab conditions using wax moth larvae as prey. The total nymphal developmental period was higher for E. lata (115 d) and H. similis (111 d), while, the period was only 86 and 75 days for E. guttatipennis and S. maculata, respectively. Longevity of females was more compared to males in all four mantid
species.

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Published

2017-12-31

How to Cite

Vanitha, K., Bhat, P. S., & Raviprasad, T. N. (2017). Mantid fauna of cashew plantations, seasonal occurrence and biology of few species. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 45(4). Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJPP/article/view/105020

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Articles