Persistence of indoxacarb and thiacloprid residues on brinjal during Kharif season under mid-hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh
Keywords:Brinjal, insecticides, mid-hill conditions, persistence, residues, RP-HPLC, waiting period.
AbstractThe present studies were carried out at CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur toÂ observe the persistence pattern of two insecticides and suggest their suitable waiting periods. The residuesÂ were worked out during Kharif season of year 2016 and 2017 on brinjal fruits at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 15Â days after application of insecticides. The residues were analyzed using Reverse Phase High PerformanceÂ Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC). The initial deposits of indoxacarb (0.01%) on brinjal fruits wereÂ found to be 0.620Â±0.025 and 0.622Â±0.015 mg/kg during 2016 and 2017, respectively. The residues wereÂ below detectable limits on 10th day of spray. The average half-life value of indoxacarb residues on brinjalÂ was found to be 1.31 and 1.29 days during 2016 and 2017, respectively. The initial deposits of thiaclopridÂ (0.03%) on brinjal fruits during 2016 and 2017 were found to be 1.078Â±0.011 mg/kg and 1.133Â±0.044Â mg/kg, respectively. The reported concentration declined with time and reached non-detectable after 10-15 days. The half-life value of thiacloprid residues was 2.55 (2016) and 2.47 (2017) days. The safetyÂ interval for indoxacarb was worked out to be 0.4 days and for thiacloprid 1.6 and 1.7 days during 2016-17,Â respectively. Therefore, a waiting period of 1 day for indoxacarb and 2 days for thiacloprid is suggested forÂ safe consumption of brinjal fruits.
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