Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook.f.& Thoms. (Family: Menispermacea)

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  • Geetha K A ICAR-DMAPR


Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook.f.& Thoms. (Family: Menispermacea) is commonly known as heart leaved moonseed plant in English and Amrita, Giloe, Gedo, Golancha, Guduchi and Amruta balli in various Indian vernacular  languages. The species is in use since ancient ages in Indian System of Medicines (ISM), Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)and other traditional system of medicines of Sri Lanka, Bhutan (Sowa rigpa), Nepal, Korea (Koryo medicine), Africa and Egypt. It is distributed throughout the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world involving India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, North Africa, South Africa, West Africa, etc. The Indian vernacular name,Amruta or Amrit  (= immortality) connects the species to the Hindu mythological heavenly elixir of devas (Gods) which gives them immortality associated with higher level of knowledge and power. It is used as general tonic and has antiperiodic, anti-spasmodic, anti-infammatory, antiarthritic, anti-allergic anti-diabetic and anti-neoplasticproperties. National Medicinal Plant Board (NMPB), Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India designated it as medicinal plant of national interest in 2019 and took a special campaign for its conservation, cultivation, research, value addition and awareness programmes.