Selection and identification of high yielding transgressive segregants in button mushroom

Abstract views: 178 / PDF downloads: 70


  • Anupam Barh ICAR-DMR, Solan
  • Shwet Kamal ICAR-Directorate of Mushroom Research
  • V P Sharma ICAR-DMR, Solan
  • Sudheer K Annepu ICAR-DMR, Solan
  • Babita Kumari ICAR-DMR, Solan
  • Mahantesh Shirur National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management, Hyderabad
  • Kanika Sharma ICAR-DMR, Solan


Present study is an attempt for the genetic improvement of commercially important white button mushroom through quantitative genetics. Systematic and continuous breeding programme is the critical for enhancing crop productivity. Among the cultivated edible mushrooms, white button mushroom occupies fourth prominent place in terms of production across the global.SSIs of high yielding non browning hybrid strain NBS-5 was selected for the study. A total number of 191 single spore isolates were isolated from the strain and evaluated under controlled conditions for the selection of segregants in the F2 generation. Analysis of variance indicated significant differences among all the genotypes for yield and yield related traits. Genetic analysis showed significant influence of the growing environment on the expression of different traits. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance was observed for the average fruit body weight and stipe length suggesting that yield can be improved through direct phenotypic selection.



Download data is not yet available.


Rieseberg, L., Archer, M. and Waynw, R. (1999). Transgressive segregation, adaptation and speciation. Heredity83:363–372.

Johnson H W, Robinson H F and Comstock R E. 1955. Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. AgronomyJournal 47: 314–8.

Sonnenberg ASM, Baars JP, Hendrickx PM, Lavrijssen B, Gao W, Weijn A and Mes J. 2011. Breeding and strain protection in the button mushroom Agaricusbisporus. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products (ICMBMP7) pp 7-15.

Atkins, F.C. 1974. Guide to Mushroom Growing. London : Faber, 122p

Dhar, B. L. (2014). Changing global scenario in mushroom industry. In M. Singh 342 (Ed.) 8th internationalconference on mushroom biology and mushroom products (pp. 602-605). ICAR, Directorate of Mushroom Research, New Delhi, India.

Yadav MC. 2003. Molecular breeding for development of genetically improved strains and hybrids of Agaricusbisporus. In Current vistas in mushroom biology and production. Pp. 261-274

Royse, D. J., Baars, J. and Tan, Q. (2017). Current Overview of Mushroom Production in the World. In Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms (eds C. Z. Diego and A. Pardoâ€Giménez). doi:10.1002/9781119149446.ch2

Sharma VP, Annepu SK, Gautam Y, Singh M, Kamal S. 2017. Status of mushroom production in India. Mushroom Res 26(2): 111-120

Singh M, Kamal S, Sharma VP . 2017. Status and trends in world mushroom production-I. Mushroom Res 26(1): 1-20.

Kamal Shwet, Sharma VP, Gupta M, Barh A and Singh M. 2019. Development, evaluation and characterization of browning-resistant hybrids of white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus). Indian J. Genet., 79(1) Suppl: 131-140. DOI: 10.31742/IJGPB.79S.1.2

Lambert, E. 1960. Improving spawn cultures of cultivated mushrooms. Mushroom Science4: 33–51.

Gao, W., J. Baars, A.S.M. Sonnenberg and R. Visser. 2011. Inheritance pattern of bruising sensitivity trait in Agaricus bisporus. In Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products, Arcachon, France, 4-7 October, 2011. Volume 1. Savoie J, M. Foulongne-Oriol, M. Largeteau, G. Barroso (eds). pp 43–51, Institut National de la RechercheAgronomique (INRA).

Manjit Singh and Shwet Kamal2011. Conventional and molecular approaches for breeding button mushroom. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products (ICMBMP7) at Arcachon, France 4-7 Oct 2011. pp 35-42.

J.W. Sinden and E. Hauser. 1951. The Short Method of Composting. Mushroom Sci 1 (1): 52-58.

XLSTAT 2017: Data Analysis and Statistical Solution for Microsoft Excel. Addinsoft, Paris, France (2017).

Sheoran, O.P, Tonk, D.S, Kaushik, L.S, Hasija, R.C and Pannu, R.S (1998). Statistical Software Package for Agricultural Research Workers. Recent Advances in information theory, Statistics & Computer Applications by D.S. Hooda& R.C. Hasija Department of Mathematics Statistics, CCS HAU, Hisar (139-143)

Hoque, M. N. and Rahman, L. (2007). Estimation of euclidean distance for different morphophysiological characters in some wild and cultivated rice genotypes (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Biological Sciences, 7(1), 86-88.






How to Cite

Barh, A., Kamal, S., Sharma, V. P., Annepu, S. K., Kumari, B., Shirur, M., & Sharma, K. (2021). Selection and identification of high yielding transgressive segregants in button mushroom. Mushroom Research, 29(2). Retrieved from