Study of wild type mushroom community from the district of Amritsar and Gurdaspur (Punjab- India) and some biological aspects
Survey of forest areas had been conducted to explore the mushrooms from the districts Amritsar and Gurdaspur during the rainy season (July to September). Six mushrooms (three from each district) were collected. Based on their characters, they were identified as Schizophyllum commune (DMRO-580), Ganoderma lucidum (a) (DMRO-581), Collybia sp. (DMRO-585) from Amritsar and Lentinus sajor-caju (DMRO-582), Ganoderma lucidum (b) (DMRO-583) and Psathyrella candolleana (DMRO-584) from Gurdaspur. The tissue cultures prepared on potato dextrose agar were deposited at theICAR-Directorate of Mushroom Research, Chambaghat, Solan (HP), India and accessioned as DMRO-580, DMRO-581, DMRO-582, DMRO-583, DMRO-584 including DMRO-585, respectively. Ganoderma lucidum (b) showed a maximum linear growth rate of 15 mm/d on both PDA and CYM media. In biomass study, Collybia sp. showed maximum biomass on both the 5th and 10th day. The exoglucanase, endoglucanase and xylanase activities were found maximum for DMRO-583. Laccase activity had a maximum for the culture DMRO-582 as 7.5 U/mg proteins. During spawn production, the growth rate on the 8th day and 16th day had a maximum for the culture DMRO-580 as 11.2 mm/d and DMRO-584 as 11.0 mm/d, respectively; while on 24th day the growth rate had maximum for the cultures DMRO-580. Substrate selection showed wheat straw as the best substrate for DMRO-580and paddy straw for DMRO-583 and compost was a better substrate for DMRO-580 and DMRO-583.These collected mushroomâ€™s characteristics studies create a useful reference for the future to produce them commercially and deposited cultures help to increase fungal livestock.
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