Biological insights of forest mushrooms of Chhattisgarh with special reference to Termitomyces-termitarium-corpus


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Authors

  • Pradeep Kumar Badhai Mushroom Research Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India, 492012
  • Chetna Jangde Mushroom Research Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India, 492012
  • Akhilesh Singh Mushroom Research Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India, 492012
  • Chandra Shekhar Shukla Mushroom Research Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India, 492012
  • Narendra Lakpale Mushroom Research Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India, 492012
  • Harvinder Kumar Singh Mushroom Research Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India, 492012

Abstract

In the present investigation a systematic survey was carried out during 2018 and 2019 to prepare aninventory as well as document the wild edible macrofungi of Chhattisgarh. The first macrofungiappearing post first rains both on forest floors as well as in the Chhattisgarh markets were Amanitaloosii (Sugamunda), Amanita caesarea (Haldi phutu), Amanita vaginata, Agaricus perobscurus,Astraeus hygrometricus (Sal boda, Sarai boda), Russula rosea (Paan Phutu), Russula xerampelina,Russula emetica, Boletus sp. (Jam phutu), Boletus edulis, Bovista dermoxantha, Russula congoana,Lactariuis piperatus (White), Lactarius sp. (Light yellow), Russula albonigra (Black), Cantharellussubalbidus (Baans phutu). Most of them were found to be in symbiotic association with roots of Sal(Sarai) trees as well as with bamboo plantations. They were documented as ectomycorrhizal fungicontributing to the biomass of Chhattisgarh forests. The termitophilous fungi in symbiotic associationwith termites were documented and identified as Termitomyces heimii (white), T. heimii (greyish), T.eurrhizus, T. clypeatus, T. robustus, T. microcarpus (small), T. umkowaan, T. globulus, T. striatus,T. mammiformis and T. aurantiacus. Other edible and some non edible fungi recorded wereAuricularia sp., Dacryopinax spathularia, Ganoderma lucidum, Hericium erinaceus, Lycoperdonpyriforme, Lentinus cladopus, Lentinus tigrinus, Macrocybe gigantea, Macrolepiota procera,Pleurotus ostreatus, Trametes versicolor, Sparassis sp., Schizophylum commune, Ramaria sp.,Volvariella bombycina, Volvariella volvacea and Xylaria sp. Different species were distinguishablebased on macroscopic characters. Spore prints were obtained.

Author Biography

  • Pradeep Kumar Badhai, Mushroom Research Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India, 492012



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2021-09-29

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2021-10-11

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Biological insights of forest mushrooms of Chhattisgarh with special reference to Termitomyces-termitarium-corpus. (2021). Mushroom Research, 29(2). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/MR/article/view/116195