A comparative economics of natural farming and conventional farming of rice cultivation in Arunachal Pradesh


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Authors

  • Snehal Athawale PhD Scholar
  • Dr. Ram Singh Professor
  • Lakshmi Dhar Hatai Associate Professor
  • Brota Sing Bey Ph.d. Scholar
  • N. Anandkumar Singh Assistant Professor
  • Rajkumar Josmee Singh Associate Professor
  • L. Hemochandra Director of Research

Keywords:

Natural farming, conventional farming, rice, comparative economics

Abstract

The study was conducted in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, East Siang district was purposively selected due to its reliance on agriculture as the primary livelihood with rice being the main crop. Primary data was collected from 45 respondents each from natural and conventional farming making the sample total 90, for the year 2022-23 of kharif season. The growth rate in area, production and productivity at the world, India, East Siang district as well as state of Arunachal Pradesh were found to be positive. Significance difference was observed on cost of bullock labour, machine labour, seeds and plant protection in natural farming. The total cost of rice cultivation was lower in natural farming by 29.49 per cent. Although the yield and gross returns was lower in natural farming but the net returns was significantly higher than conventional farming by mean difference of ? 6119.78 per hectare. The study also highlights potential gender-based variations in labor requirements, observing natural farming as labour intensive farming. In both natural and conventional farming, the per cent of total female labour utilization was observed to be higher than total male labour.

Author Biographies

  • Dr. Ram Singh, Professor

    Professor and Head, School of Social Sciences, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Umiam-793103 and Dean, College of Agriculture, Kyrdemkulai, Meghalaya, India.

  • Lakshmi Dhar Hatai, Associate Professor

    Associate Professor, College of Horticulture & Forestry, (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Pasighat, 791102

  • Brota Sing Bey, Ph.d. Scholar

    Ph.D Scholar (Agricultural Economics), School of Social Sciences, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Umiam-793103, Meghalaya, India.

  • N. Anandkumar Singh, Assistant Professor

    Assistant Professor (Agricultural Economics) School of Social Sciences, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Umiam-793103, Meghalaya, India.

  • Rajkumar Josmee Singh, Associate Professor

    Associate Professor (Agricultural Extension) School of Social Sciences, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Umiam-793103, Meghalaya, India

  • L. Hemochandra, Director of Research

    Professor, Director of Research, Central Agricultural University, Imphal-795004, Manipur, India.

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Submitted

2024-02-05

Published

2024-06-03

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

A comparative economics of natural farming and conventional farming of rice cultivation in Arunachal Pradesh. (2024). ORYZA-An International Journal of Rice, 61(2). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/OIJR/article/view/148127