A STUDY ON SOURCES, MANAGEMENT AND REPLACEMENT OF POTATO (SOLANUM TUBEROSUM L.) SEED IN WESTERN UTTAR PRADESH

Authors

  • Pynbianglang Kharumnuid ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001 (Shimla)

Keywords:

Keywords, Potato seed, Seed replacement rate, Seed sources, Certified seeds, Constraint analysis

Abstract

Presently in India, the actual potato yield is far below the potential yield. Enhancing the seed replacement rate
is one of the important strategies to narrow the gap between the actual and potential yields. Hence, the present study was
conducted to examine the sources, replacement rate and management of potato seed and constraints for availing quality seed
in Western Uttar Pradesh. The primary data was collected from 85 randomly selected farmers of Bulandshahar and Meerut
districts. The study revealed that the Kufri Bahar, Kufri Pukhraj and Kufri Khyati were the major potato varieties. Local
varieties were still prevalent among farmers. The major seed sources were farm saved seeds, fellow farmers and formal
sources like department of agriculture, SAUs and research institutes. Farmers have good knowledge of seed management
activities like maintenance of spacing, seed rate, seed retention period and followed them properly. The overall seed
replacement rate for certified seed was around 39 percent. There was a direct relationship between seed replacement rate
and farm size. The overall seed replacement rate of seed of improved potato varieties was about 92 percent. The identified
constraints were high cost of quality seed, poor quality of seed, lack of proper storage and transportation facilities, lack of
seed of required varieties and lack of information about improved varieties. The study suggested that extension strategies
and institutional mechanisms should be formulated for popularization of the new varieties and reliable seed sources and
for regular supply of certified and quality seeds to all categories of farmers to enhance the seed replacement rate.

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Author Biography

Pynbianglang Kharumnuid, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001 (Shimla)

Scientist,  Division of Social Sciences, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001 (Shimla)

 

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Published

2022-01-29

How to Cite

Kharumnuid, P. (2022). A STUDY ON SOURCES, MANAGEMENT AND REPLACEMENT OF POTATO (SOLANUM TUBEROSUM L.) SEED IN WESTERN UTTAR PRADESH. Potato Journal, 48(2). Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/PotatoJ/article/view/119424

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