EVALUATION OF POTATO VARIETIES FOR EXPORT POTENTIAL IN EARLY SEASON
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Uttar Pradesh, particularly its western region, has better export potential for the premium early potato segment
as leading Indian exporters demand export-grade tubers (>55mm) during January to tap the deficit period of fresh potatoes
in the global market. With this background, a field experiment was conducted during 2020-22 in the early crop season
with five promising varieties/ advanced hybrid viz., Kufri Sangam, Kufri Kiran, Kufri Neelkanth, Kufri Chipsona-4 and
WS/07-113. The crop was planted in September end and harvested in mid-January. Advanced hybrid WS/07-113 recorded
the highest export-grade tuber yield (4.95 t/ha), followed by Kufri Kiran (4.63 t/ha). Maximum tuber dry matter content
was attained by cv. Kufri Chipsona-4 (21.3%) followed by Kufri Kiran (20.1%) and Kufri Sangam (19.3%). As a specialty
segment, exporters showed keen interest in cv. Kufri Neelkanth which has 4.32 t/ha export-grade tuber yield and 18.6%
specific gravity. As exporters require potatoes in January, crop duration may easily be increased to 85-90 days to achieve
higher yields. Performance of varieties and exporters’ feedback indicates that western UP can lead to export-grade potato
production during the early-season.
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