ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF MARKETING OF GRAPES IN ARGHANDAB DISTRICT, KANDAHAR PROVINCE, AFGHANISTAN
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The cultivation of domesticated grapes beganÂ 6,000-8,000 years ago in Southern Turkey, spreadingÂ to Northern Africa, Europe, Asia and North America.Â More grapes are grown in Afghanistan than any otherÂ fruits, comprising nearly half of the total fruits produced,Â thereby playing an important role in the agriculturalÂ economy. Each year grapes are exported (both freshÂ and dried) to countries such as Pakistan, India, theÂ UAE and Central Asia. Grapes in Afghanistan areÂ consumed fresh, dried and in the form of grape juice.Â The area of grapes in Afghanistan is about 78405
hectares (2016) of which 90 per cent of this growingÂ area is located in the provinces of Kandahar, Helmand,Â northern and central zones, (Samadi, 2011). ProductionÂ of grapes was estimated around 58,000 tons in 2015.
Average farm yields are approximately 12.48 tons/haÂ (United Nation ESCAP, 2018). More than 100 varietiesÂ of grapes are grown in Afghanistan, but commercialÂ production focuses on three local varieties; Shindokhani,
Kishmishi and Taifi. The grapes are widely famous inÂ Kandahar province as it is main production area for itsÂ high quality and productivity. Grapevine orchards areÂ mainly concentrated in Arghandab district with anÂ average yield at about 12.48 tons/ha in ArghandabÂ district from which grapes are supplied to other provincesÂ of the country. Domestic production accounts for theÂ largest part of domestic consumption since very lowÂ quantities are imported from abroad. Grapes are theÂ most produced commodity among fruits and vegetablesÂ in the country but Afghanistan is barely quoted as a
producing country. The area under grapes is graduallyÂ increasing in the Arghandab district. So far very fewÂ studies have been conducted on the supply chain ofÂ grapes in Arghandab district. A detailed study in this
regard would help the farmers to have first-handÂ knowledge of the marketing issues and outcome ofÂ the study would be rewarding to the farmers. Hence,Â this study was undertaken.