GROWTH TRENDS OF SUGARCANE (Saccharum officinarum) CROP IN ANDHRAPRADESH
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Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) is theÂ important commercial crop in the world. India ranksÂ second in the World in sugarcane production afterÂ Brazil. In India, sugarcane occupies three per centÂ of the total cultivated area and shares about 7.5Â percent of total value of agricultural output.Â Sugarcane is an efficient source of sugar, thusÂ provides raw material for the second largest agrobasedÂ industry. In India during 2011-12 sugarcaneÂ was cultivated in an area of 50.38 lakh hectares withÂ production of 361.04 million tonnes and with aÂ productivity of 71.7 tonnes ha-1. In Andhra PradeshÂ during 2011-12, the area under sugarcane crop wasÂ 2.04 lakh hectares and production was 166.89 millionÂ tonnes with a productivity of 81.8 tonnes ha-1 (SourceÂ : Directorate of Economics and Statistics, 2012).