ANALYSIS OF GROWTH AND INSTABILITY OF JOWAR AREA AND PRODUCTION IN ANDHRA PRADESH
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Millets are group of small grained cereal foodÂ crops which are highly nutritious and are grown underÂ marginal/low fertile soils with very low inputs such asÂ fertilizers and pesticides. These crops largely contribute
to food and nutritional security of the country. Most ofÂ millet crops are native of India and are popularly knownÂ as Nutri-cereals as they provide most of the nutrientsÂ required for normal functioning of human body. Further,Â the nutritional value of these crops offers much scopeÂ for development of value-added products in new healthÂ conscious consumer segments. Coarse cereals, namelyÂ sorghum, pearl millet and finger millet assumeÂ significance in the cropping pattern of dryland regionsÂ as they require little inputs and are more droughtÂ resistant compared to other competing crops (Breese,Â et al., 2002). Among which jowar is the most importantÂ food and fodder crop of dry land agriculture of AndhraÂ Pradesh. The crop is perennial in nature andÂ possessing corn like leaves and bearing the grain in aÂ compact cluster. Out of the total production of jowar inÂ the nation, 52 % is from Maharashtra. Karnataka,Â Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. One moreÂ advantage of this crop is that it can be grown in bothÂ Kharif and Rabi seasons. Also, it can handle and grow
on a wide range of soil types starting from fertile toÂ fewer nutrient soils but an effective output largelyÂ depends on soil moisture, resistance and porosity. ThisÂ crop was favoured due to its productivity and shortÂ growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions.Â However, the last few decades saw this crop losingÂ area on account of declining demand due to change inÂ food habits and due attention has been given to cerealsÂ and commercial crops cultivation in Andhra Pradesh,Â that resulted in drop in real prices vis-a vis otherÂ competing crops leading to erosion in relative profitability of this crop.