Grain yield, competitive indices and water use under soybean (Glycin max) - based intercropping systems in south-eastern Rajasthan

S N PRASAD, RATAN SINGH, A K SINGHAL

Abstract


A field experiment was conducted during rainy season          of 1990-91 to 1992-93 at Kota to study the effect of
intercropping soybean [Glycin max (L.) Merr.] with sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.] and pigeonpea [Cajanus
cajan(L.) Millsp.) in 2: 1, 4: 1 and 6: 1 rows 30 cm apart     on productivity, water use and competitive indices. Intercropping systems were found more productive than sale soybean. Intercropping soybean with pigeonpea in 4 : 1 row irrangement proved superior to other treatments and yielded 712 kg/ha soybean and 830 kg/ha pigeonpea seed, which amounted to 1 493 kg/ha soybean-equivalent yield  compared with 1 086 kg/ha sole-soybean yield. This system also recorded the highest land-equivalent ratio 0.26). Intercropping systems showed higher water use and water-use eniciency then sole soybean. The values of competitive ratio (CR), relative crowding coefficient (RCC) and aggressivity indicated that sorghum and pigeonpea were dominant over soybean. The aggressivity values of soybean were negative in all the intercropping systems, whereas CR and RCC values remained <1. Sorghum showed higher competitiveness with soybean than with pigeonpea.

Keywords


Glycine max, soybean-based intercropping, grain yield, competitive indices, water use

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