Growth, productivity and nutrient concentration of aerobic rice (Oryza sativa L.) under different planting methods, irrigation schedules and soil adjuvant application


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Authors

  • Arjun Singh
  • Anchal Dass
  • C.V. Singh
  • Shiva Dhar
  • S. Sudhishri
  • Kajal Das
  • Susheel K. Sarkar

Keywords:

Aerobic rice. IW/CPE ratio, nutrient concentration, planting methods and soil adjuvant.

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during kharif season of 2016 at Central Rainfed Upland Rice
Research Station (CRURRS), Hazaribagh, Jharkhand to evaluate the effect of planting methods,
irrigation scheduling and soil adjuvant on growth, productivity and nutrient content of aerobic
rice. The experiment was laid-out in a split-plot design keeping 8-combinations of
4-irrigation schedules, viz., I1: Irrigation at 0.9 IW/CPE ratio, I2: Irrigation at 1.2 IW/CPE ratio,
I3: Irrigation at 1.5 IW/CPE ratio and I4: Un-irrigated (rainfed) and 2-soil adjuvants (A1: soil adjuvant
applied and A2: No-soil adjuvant) in the main-plots and 2-planting methods (P1: Conventional dry
seeding at 20 cm row spacing and P2: Spot-sowing (dibbling of 4-seeds per hill at 20 × 15 cm) in the
sub-plots, thus there were a total of 16 treatment combinations. Scheduling irrigation at 1.5 IW/
CPE ratio recorded highest plant height (95.4 cm), DMA (1053 g m–2) and LAI (3.44); similarly grain
yield increased by 37.3% over rainfed crop, 23% over crop irrigated at 0.9 IW/CPE ratio and 13.5%
over 1.2IW/CPE ratio. Effect of irrigation scheduling was found non-significant on nutrient
concentration except P concentration in grain and straw. Crop irrigated at IW/CPE ratio 1.5 exhibited
significantly higher P-concentration in grain and straw, over irrigation at IW/CPE ratio 0.9 and
rainfed crop. Application of soil adjuvant (APSA 80TM) didn't bring significant changes in any of the
studied parameters. Between the two planting methods, spot-sowing resulted in higher growth
and improved grain yield by about 7% over conventional method of sowing, however, effect on
nutrient content remained non-significant.

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Submitted

2018-04-19

Published

2018-04-19

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Section

Articles

How to Cite

Growth, productivity and nutrient concentration of aerobic rice (Oryza sativa L.) under different planting methods, irrigation schedules and soil adjuvant application. (2018). Annals of Agricultural Research, 38(4). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/AAR/article/view/78988