Weed management in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under peninsular India
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Keywords:Grain yield, Herbicides, Nutrient uptake, Weed growth, Wheat.
A field experiment was conducted during Rabi season of 2014-15 at farmer's field at Vijayapur,
Karnataka to study the performance of pre-emergence (pendimethalin 1.0 kg a.i./ha, metribuzin
175 g a.i./ha) and post-emergence (2,4-D 2 kg a.i./ha, metsulfuron methyl 4.0 g a.i./ha) herbicides
on weed dynamics, crop growth and yield of irrigated wheat. Unchecked weed growth caused
25.04% reduction in grain yield of wheat. Better monocot weed control was obtained with
pendimethalin fb one intercultivation at 30 DAS and metribuzin fb by one intercultivation at 30 DAS
whereas dicot weed count and total weed dry weight were significantly lower with pendimethalin
fb metsulfuron methyl and pendimethalin fb 2,4-D. At harvest, pendimethalin fb metsulfuron methyl
recorded ~ 29% increase in total dry matter production (7.18 g/plant) and increased the crop N, P,
K uptake by 32.3, 53.3 and 34.5% respectively as compared to weedy check. Grain yield was
significantly higher in weed free check (4.3 t/ha) and was at par with pendimethalin fb metsulfuronmethyl,
pendimethalin fb 2,4-D and pendimethalin fb one intercultivation at 30 DAS.