Effect of parity, lactation stage and udder morphology on milk yield and milk constituents in Jaffarabadi buffaloes


Abstract views: 24 / PDF downloads: 27

Authors

  • B. Raju
  • Ch. Harikrishna P.V.N.R. Telangana Veterinary University, Hyderabad
  • A. Saratchandra
  • K. Jagadamba

Abstract

The present study was conducted to know the effect of parity, stage of lactation and udder morphology on milk yield and milk constituents in Jaffarabadi buffaloes. A total of 150 buffaloes selected from private dairy farms located in and around Hyderabadwere utilized. The average daily milk yield (ADMY) recorded in buffaloes with different parities were 7.06 ± 0.16, 8.11 ± 0.11, 8.86 ± 0.12and 8.23 ± 0.08 Kg in first, second, third and fourth parity, respectively showing the third parity animals yielded higher ADMY compared to other parities. The ADMY in different lactation stages recorded were 8.55 ± 0.14, 8.23 ± 0.12 and 8.08 ± 0.13 Kg in early, mid and late stage of lactation, respectively showing there was a decrease in ADMY from early to late stage of lactation. There was a positive and highly significant (P<0.01) correlation between the udder morphology and ADMY. The average milk fat, solids non fat (SNF) and total solids (TS) of different parities ranged from 7.41 ± 0.12 to 8.05 ± 0.09%, 9.67 ± 0.09 to 10.03 ± 0.12% and 17.44 ± 0.22 to 17.72 ± 0.15%, respectively. The overall average milk fat, SNF and TS were found to be 7.81 ± 0.05, 9.77 ± 0.05 and 17.58 ± 0.08 %, respectively showing there was an increase in milk fat and TS from first parity to fourth parity. The average milk fat, SNF and TS in different stages of lactation ranged from 7.24 ± 0.08 to 8.35 ± 0.08, 9.67 ± 0.07 to 9.85 ± 0.10 and 16.91 ± 0.12 to 18.20 ± 0.12 %, respectively and a significant (P<0.05) increase in milk fat and TS from early to late lactation stage was observed. Similarly, SNF also increased from early to late stage of lactation but was insignificant. It was also observed that there was no significant effect of udder and teat shapes on milk constituents. There was a negative correlation of ADMY with milk fat, SNF and TS and correlation were highly significant (P<0.01) in case of ADMY with fat and TS. The milk fat was positively correlated with SNF and TS but the correlation was significant only with TS. The study concludes that, parity and stage of lactation affect ADMY and milk constituents, while the positive correlation among milk constituents indicating that selection for one trait will also improve other traits in Jaffarabadi buffaloe

References

Antalík, P. and Strapák, P. 2011. Effect of parity and lactation stage on milk flow characteristics of Slovak Simmental dairy cows. Veterinari jair zootechnika., 54(76): 8-13.

Anonymous. 1998. ICAR feeding standard- nutrient requirements of livestock and poultry (ICAR Publication). pp 90.

Anonymous. 2018. Annual Report, Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries, Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Govt. of India. Retrieved from https://dahd.nic.in/sites/default/filess/annual report-2016-17/All India report.pdf.

Anonymous. 2019. 20th Livestock Census, Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries, Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Govt. of India. Retrieved from https://dahd.nic.in/sites/default/filess/20th Livestock census-2019/All India report.pdf

Badekar, S.L. 2016. Studies on the Udder and Teat Morphology and Their Relationship with Milk Yield in Murrah Buffaloes (Doctoral dissertation, MAFSU, Nagpur).

Bhagat, S.S., Sastry, N.S.R. and Patil, S.S. 1992. Quarter difference in milk yield, composition, milking behaviour and udder health in murrah buffaloes. Buff. Bull., 11: 86-92.

Bharadwaj, A., Dixit, V.B., Sethi, R.K. and Khanna, S. 2007. Association of breed characteristics with milk production in Murrah buffaloes. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 77(10): 1011-1016.

Bhuiyan, M.M., Islam, M.R., Ali, M.L., Hossain, M.K., Kadir, M.A., Lucky, N.S. and Das, B.R. 2004. Importance of mammary system conformation traits in selecting dairy cows on milk yield in Bangladesh. J. Biol. Sci., 4(2): 100-102.

Chaki, E.K., Ghosh, N., and Majumdar, S.C. 1999. Relationship of udder and teat types to part lactation yield and peak yield in primiparous crossbred cows. Indian Vet. J., 76(1): 58-60.

Dhanda, O.P. 2004. Developments in water buffalo in Asia and Oceania. In Proc. of the Seventh World Buffalo Congress, Manila, Philippines, Vol. 20: pp 17-28.

Duncan, D.B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics., 11: 1-42.

El-Barbary, A.S.A., Mahdy, A.E., El-Shafie, O.M. and Aly, H.M. 1999. Some factors affecting milk production and milk constituents and their relation to udder measurements in pure Friesian cows. Alexandria J. Agri. Res., 44(1): 17-36.

Fahim, A., Kamboj, M.L., Prasad, S., Sirohi, A.S., Bhakat, M., Mohanty, T.K. and Malhotra, R. 2017. Effect of parity, stage of lactation and udder type on milkability of crossbred dairy cows milked in automated herringbone milking parlour. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 87(6): 97-103.

Gaikwad, J.S., Jadhav, R.M., Torawane, K.B. and Todmi, S.B. 2011. Productive and reproductive performance of Gir cow in Akola district. Asian. J. Anim. Sci., 6(2): 94-96.

Gajjar, S.I. 2014. Evaluation of milk from Kankrej cow and Surti buffalo for composition and physic-chemical properties and nitrogen distribution. M.Tech Thesis, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat.

Ghosh, B. and Prasad, J. 1998. Milk Yield and Composition as Influenced by udder measurements in Jersey X Red Sindhi crosses. Ind. J. Anim. Prod. Mgmt., 14: 23-25

Javed, K., Abdullah, M., Khalid, M.S., Ahmad, N., Bhatti, J.A. and Younas, U. 2013. Inter-relationship of milk constituents with body and udder measurements in Nili-Ravi buffaloes raised at commercial farms of Pakistan. Editorial Board, pp 1170.

Mech, A., Dhali, A., Prakash, B. and Rajkhowa, C. 2008. Variation in milk yield and milk

composition during the entire lactation period in Mithun cows (Bos frontalis). Livestock

Res. Rural Develop., 20(5): 8.

Patbandha, T.K., Ravikala, K., Maharana, B.R., Marandi, S., Ahlawat, A.R. and Gajbhiye, P.U. 2015a. Effect of season and stage of lactation on milk components of Jaffarabadi buffaloes. The Bioscan., 10(2): 635-638.

Patbandha, T.K., Pathak, R., Marandi, S., Swain, D.K. and Ahlawat, A.R. 2015b. Milking management practices in Gir Cattle and Jaffarabadi buffaloes in their habitat with due reference to disparity between the two species. Anim. Sci. Rep., 9(4): 123-130.

Patbandha, T.K., Gamit, P.M., Savalia, B.D., Parikh, S.S and Odedra, M.D. 2019.Factors affecting milk constituents of Gir cows in an organised dairy herd. Ind. J. Anim. Prod. Mgmt., 35(3-4): 70-75.

Prasad, R.M.V., Sudhakar, K., Raghava, R.E., Ramesh, G.B. and Mahender, M. 2010. Studies on the udder and teat morphology and their relationship with milk yield in Murrah buffaloes. Livestock Res. Rural Develop., 22(1): 2010.

Pratap, A., Verma, D.K., Kumar, P. and Singh, A. 2014. Effect of pregnancy, lactation stage, parity and age on yield and components of raw milk in Holstein Friesian cows in organised dairy form in Allahabad. IOSR J. Agri. Vet. Sci., 7(1): 112-115.

Rahmatullah, B., Singh, R., Fahim, A., Ali, N., Gupta, N. and Sahu, D.S. 2017. Study on milk ability of Murrah buffaloes in relation to its udder and teat morphology. J. Community Mobili. Sustain. Develop., 12(2): 227-231.

Riera, N. M. 2008. Morphological traits of the teats and their relationship with milk yield and milking efficiency in Carora cow breed. Scientific Magazine., 18: 6.

Sahu, J., Bhonsle, D., Mishra, S., Khune, V.N. and Chaturvadani, A.K. 2018. Factors affecting the milk composition of Kosali cow. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 7(8): 3795-3801.

Sandrucci, A., Tamburini, A., Bava, L., and Zucali, M. 2007. Factors affecting milk flow traits in dairy cows: results of a field study. J Dairy Sci., 90(3): 1159-1167.

Tag, E.D., Genena, S.K., Salem, A.Y., El-Awady, H.G. and El-Hamady, W.A. 2011. Milk ability in relation to udder conformation, udder health and productive traits in Friesian cows under Egyption farm conditions. In Proc. of 4th Scientific Conference of Animal Wealth Research in the Middle East and North Africa, Foreign Agricultural Relations (FAR), Egypt, 3-5 October 2011. pp. 95-106., Massive Conferences and Trade Fairs.

Tilki, M., Inal, S., Colak, M. and Garip, M. 2005. Relationships between milk yield and udder measurements in Brown Swiss cows. Turkish J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 29(1): 75-81.

Downloads

Submitted

03-08-2021

Published

10-12-2022

How to Cite

Effect of parity, lactation stage and udder morphology on milk yield and milk constituents in Jaffarabadi buffaloes. (2022). Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management, 36(3-4), 29-35. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJAPM/article/view/113452