Value added products from under-utilised livestock dairy farm resources (wastes): The possibilities and prospects


Abstract views: 2252 / PDF downloads: 102

Authors

  • N. S. R. Sastry Retired Professor LPM from Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar; founder editor of IJAPM from 1986 to 1990; present Chief Patron of the IJAPM.

Abstract

The major under-utilized resources on livestock farms are the wastes generated as animal dung, urine and unused or trodden feed and litter wastes like straws. Urine and spent water from washing in milking parlours constitute the liquid wastes, besides wash water from milk handling yards. Disposal of excreta and other wastes from animal houses is a bothersome yet crucial activity. Such waste material has a good value as manure if properly handled. Or, if left not cleared, they can also provide an ideal breeding place for pathogens and disease carrying insects. The best way is to handle livestock wastes systematically and produce Value Added Products (VAP) from them in an environment-friendly manner. This is a big industry already. From the traditional manure, to the cosmetics and medicines, a variety of such VAPs can be made to enhance the income of the livestock farmers in a sustainable manner; for such products were recognized by US FDA. These aspects are discussed in this article, which may be considered as a motivation article, rather than a review.

Author Biography

  • N. S. R. Sastry, Retired Professor LPM from Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar; founder editor of IJAPM from 1986 to 1990; present Chief Patron of the IJAPM.

    Retired Professor of LPM of Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana

References

REFERENCES & FURTHER READING

Abraham, John. 2021. Bio-diesel production from poultry carcasses. Personal Communication.

Anon 2005a Climate information for Swaziland - Climate Zone . from http://www.climate-zone.com/climate/swaziland/

Anon 2005b Legislation for Management of Wastes. Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department. from http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/laws_regulations/envir_l egislation/ leg_waste.html.

Balaji Palani, R. 2019, How farmers can milk dairy farming to double their income. https:// www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/agri-business/how-farmers-can-milk-dairy-famg -to-double-their-income/article29985890.ece?utm_campaign=amp_article_Share&utm_ medium=referral&utm_source=whatsapp.com. Agri Business.

Bhanwala, Harsh Kumar. 2018. Livestock, a lifeline for small farmers, https://www. thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/livestock-a-lifeline-for-small-farmers/article21328347. ece1 (NABARD).

CIAS (Centre for Integrated Ag. Systems) 2005 Out-wintering dairy cattle: manure management issues. from http://www. cias. wisc. edu/ archives/1998/02/01/ outwintering_dairy_cattle_manure_management_issues/index.php.

Charles, D. F. 2005. Storing Poultry Litter. Retrieved April 8, 2005. from http:/ muextension. missouri.edu/explore/envqual/wq0212.htm.

Ensminger M.E 1993. Dairy cattle Science, 3rd Edn.m; Universidad Nacional Agraria, Managua (Nicaragua).

FAO, 2005. Crop and food assessment mission to Swaziland. from http://www. fao.org/ documents/show_cdr.asp?url_file=/docrep/005/y6815e/y6815e00.htm.

Global Methane Initiative. 2011. Resource Assessment for Livestock and Agro-Industrual Wastes – India. Prepared by the Eastern Research Group Inc., Tata Consulting Group and Federation of indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry. https://www. globalmethane.org/documents/ag_india_res_assessment.pdf.

Grigorios Rekleitis and Katherine-Joanne Haralambous. 2021. Decision support for biogas production from the utilisation of agricultural and livestock wastes. Published Online: March 4, 2021pp 235-256, https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/ 10.1504/IJDSS. 2021.113769.

Government of India. 2018. Ministry of Renewable Energy (Bio-Gas Technology Development Group); New Delhi. https://mnre.gov.in/img/documents/uploads/file_s-1592215264726.pdf.

Gunjal, B.B..2019. Global Initiatives for Waste Reduction and Cutting Food Loss, Value-Added Products From Food Waste, (Sunrise Biotech Organisation, India). https://www.igi-global.com/chapter/value-added-products-from-food-waste/222989.

Hermanson, R. E. 2005. Managing Livestock Manure to Protect Groundwater.Washington State University Cooperative Extension. from http://www.whatcomcd.org/ FarmAssist/ BMP/LivestockOps.htm

Hutchinson M L, Walters L D, Avery S M, Munro F and Moore A 2005 Analyses of Livestock Production, Waste Storage, and Pathogen Levels and Prevalences in Farm Manures. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, March 2005, p. 1231-1236, Vol. 71, No.3. http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/71/3/1231.

https://www.scmp.com/lifestyle/arts-culture/article/3044026/sales-cow-dung-art-soap-shampoo-toothpaste-and-more-india

http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/297021521208135402/Livestock-Wastes.

http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/297021521208135402/Livestock Wastes; 2005

https://newsonair.com/2021/09/19/this-new-technology-converts-poultry-feathers-into-animal -feed/

https://www.scmp.com/lifestyle/arts-culture/article/3044026/sales-cow-dung-art-soap-shampoo-toothpaste-and-more-india (Shampoo made from cow dung).

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/02/indian-scientists-decry-infuriating-scheme-study-benefits-cow-dung-urine-and-milk

Jayathilakan, K., Khudsia Sultana, K. Radhakrishna, and A. S. Bawa. 2012. Utilization of byproducts and waste materials from meat, poultry and fish processing industries: a review. J. Food Sci. Technol. 2012 Jun; 49(3): 278–293.

Jones, D.D., Nye, J.C. and Dale, A.C. 2005. Methane generation from livestock waste. from http://danpatch.ecn.purdue.edu~epados/swine/pubs/ methane.htm.

Kamala Thiagarajan. 2020. The Hindu, 01.01.2020.

Khumalo N A 1988 Effect of kraal manure on root-knot nematode and pod yield in Okra. Unpublished B.Sc. Project, University of Swaziland.

Kumar S, Smith, S.R., Fowler, G., Velis, C., Kumar, J., S., Arya. S., Rena, Rakesh Kumar and Cheeseman, B. 2017. Royal Society of Open Science, nos.royalsoietypublishing.org.

Kumawat, N., I.S. Tomar, Rakesh Kumar and Sahu, Y. K. 2017. Preparation of NADEP Compost for Sustaining the Farming Community. Popular Kheti, 5:4.

Mandavgane, S A , V V Pattalwar and A R Kalambe. 2005. Development of cow dung based herbal mosquito repellent. Natural Product Radiance, Vol 4(4).

Mahimairaja, S., N.S. Bolan and M.J. Hedley. 2008. Agronomic effectiveness of poultry manure composts. Pages 1843-1861, ttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/ 10. 1080/00103629509369412

Mijinyawa, Y. and B. J. lamini. 2006. Livestock and poultry wastes management in Swaziland, Livestock Research for Rural Development 18 (6). (Ndlandla W 2005. Personal communication. Community Development Officer, Appropriate Tech-nology Unit, Women in Development, Mvutshini, Swaziland).

MOAC (Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operative) 2005 Agriculture-Aquaculture integrated systems: A training manual. Ministry of agriculture and cooperatives. Mbabane

Muller Z O 1980 Feed from Animal wastes: state of knowledge. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 18.Rome. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/004/X6518E/X6518E00.htm

NABARD. 2021 How to get Nabard Subsidy for Dairy Farming. https://www. indiafilings. com/learn/how-to-get-nabard-subsidy-for-dairy-farming/

NWP (National Water Programme) 2005 Animal Waste Management. from http://www. uaswaterquality.org/themes/animal/default.

Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality. 2005. Fact Sheet on 1999 Livestock Legislation. from http://www.deq.state.ne.us/Priority.nsf/ pages/factsh2

North Carolina State University. 2006. Water Quality and Waste Management rules for livestock farms in North Carolina. from http:// www.soil.ncsu.edu /publications/ Soilnote/ note03.pdf

OFCN (On-Farm Composting Network) 2005 Composting Livestock Wastes. Retrieved April 8, 2005 from http://www.farmcompost.com/default.asp?page_id=188

Ong H K 1991 Goals, regulations and information needs for waste-managed centralized pig farming areas: a Malaysian perspective. Pig News and Information 12: pp. 541-544.

Palani, Balaji R. 2019, How farmers can milk dairy farming to double their income. https:// www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/agri-business/how-farmers-can-milk-dairy-famg -to-double-their-income/article29985890.ece?utm_campaign=amp_article_Share&utm_ medium=referral&utm_source=whatsapp.com. Agri Business.

Priety Barman. 2000 Is India Ready for Cow Dung and Urine made Products Business? https://krishijagran.com/animal-husbandry/is-india-ready-for-cow-dung-and-urine-made-products-business/

Ramesh Kumar, V. S. 2018. Personal communication.

Reddy Siddartha. 2019. What is Ghana Jeevamrutham and how to make it? https:// learnnaturalfarming.com/what-is-ghana-jeevamrutham-and-how-to-make-it/

Sastry, N.S.R. and C.K. Thomas. 2021. Livestock Production Management. 6th Revised, Enalrged Edn., Kalyani Publishers, Delhi/Ludhiana.

Sevilleja R, Torres J, Sollows, J and Little D 2005 Using animal wastes in fishponds.. from :http://www.fao.org/ documents/ show_cdr. asp? url_file=/DOCREP/005/ Y1187E/y1187e34.htm

Shakeel Anwar. 2017. Natural Biogas and Manure management Programme, Government of India, New Delhi.

Sharma, D.K., Uma Bharghav and Fengting Li. 2014. International J. Scientific Res., Vol. 3, Issue 5, pages.

Sourathia, L.M., A.B. Fulsoundar, K.K. Tyagi, M.D. Patel and R.R. Singh. 2014. Eco-friendly and modern methods of livestock waste recycling for enhancing farm profitability. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste In Agriculture. Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 50. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

TANU Agriculture Portal. 2019. agritech.tnau.ac.in › agriculture › agri_ nutrientmgt _priceoffertilize₹ http://agritech.tnau.ac.in/agriculture/ agri_nutrientmgmt. priceoffertilize₹ htmlhttps://www.made-in-china.com/products-search/hot-chinaproducts/ NPK.html?gclid= EAIaIQobChMIidfsy ZTD5QIVkBiPCh2FTQ_ YEAAYA-SAAEgJifPD_BwE. Also: www.tnagrisnet.tn.gov.in.

TNAU Agritech Portal. 2020. https://www.google.com/ search?rlz=1C1CHBF_ enIN912IN912&lei=cNKrX9-bOqSL4-EP7cGM0Ag&q=jeevamrutham%20vs%20 pan-chagavya&ved=2ahUKEwjfk9DeuPrsAhWkxTgGHe0gA4oQsKwBKAR6BAgtEAU&biw=878&bih=386; https://www.wegopals.com/education/jeevamrutha-is-devamrutha/

University of Nevada. 2005. The risk of water contamination from livestock waste manage-ment. from http://www.unce.unr.edu/water/pdf/livesp.pdf.

Times of India. 2019. What is Jeevamriuam and types of Jeevamrutam. Posted on December 28, 2019 by VENS. https://timesofagriculture.com/jeevamrutham-preparation-types-of-jeevamrutham/.

Vaishnavi Chandrashekhar. 2020. https:// www.scmp.com/lifestyle/arts-culture/article/ 3044026/ sales-cow-dung-art-soap-shampoo-toothpaste-and-more-india

Vanderholm, Dale H. 1979. Handling of Manure from Different Livestock and Management Systems. Journal of Animal Science, Volume 48, Issue 1Pages 113–120, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1979.481113x

Vikaspedia (India). 2020 Manufacture and usage of PNCHAGAVYA. https:/ /vikaspedia.in/agriculture/agri-inputs/bio-inputs/bioinputs-for-nutrientmanagement/panchagavya.

Wadhwani, K.N. 2021. Oersonal communication (from Anand Veterinary College, Gujarat).

Wikipedia. 2003. Economy of Swaziland. Retrieved October 11, 2005 from http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Swaziland.

Downloads

Submitted

19-11-2021

Published

10-12-2022

How to Cite

Value added products from under-utilised livestock dairy farm resources (wastes): The possibilities and prospects. (2022). Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management, 36(3-4), 69-96. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJAPM/article/view/118056