Breeding and milking management practices of dairy animals in coastal areas of Gujarat


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Authors

  • GHANSHYAM PRABHULI SABAPARA Assistant Professor, COVS & AH, NAU, Navsari-396450, Gujarat, India.

Abstract

A field survey was conducted during years 2010-2012 in Jalalpore taluka of Navsari district to ascertain
the breeding and milking management practices followed by dairy animal owners and data were collected
from randomly selected 150 dairy animal owners through personal interview with the help of pre-tested
structured schedule. The present study revealed that all the respondents detected heat in their animals
by observing the symptom of bellowing and mucous discharge (98%) and bred their animals by artificial
insemination (59.33%) between 12-18 hours after heat detection (46%). The 74.67% respondents bred
their animals after 5 months of calving and 27.33% respondents followed the pregnancy diagnosis by
veterinarian after 3 months of breeding. All the respondents washed their hands before milking and cleaned
teats and udder by splashing of water and milked their animals at same place twice in a day by adopting
wet hand (75.33%) and knuckling (69.33%) methods of milking. Majority (74.67%) of respondents allowed
calves for suckling before milking for letdown of milk and 98% of respondents did not follow teat dipping
after milking. Only 2% of respondents followed testing for mastitis in their dairy animals. The 44 and 56%
respondents adopted practice of drying off their dairy animals for less than two months and two months/
more time before calving, respectively. Majority (90%) of respondents sold their milk to village dairy cooperative
society.

Author Biography

  • GHANSHYAM PRABHULI SABAPARA, Assistant Professor, COVS & AH, NAU, Navsari-396450, Gujarat, India.
    Assistant Professor, Department of LPM, COVS & AH, NAU, Navsari-396450, Gujarat, India.

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Submitted

02-03-2017

Published

11-09-2017

How to Cite

Breeding and milking management practices of dairy animals in coastal areas of Gujarat. (2017). Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management, 32(3-4). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJAPM/article/view/68348