Physiological adaptability of Salvadora oleoides to sodicity and salinity stress


Abstract views: 91 / PDF downloads: 110

Authors

  • ASHWANI KUMAR ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132 001, India
  • ANITA MANN ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132 001, India
  • CHARU LATA ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132 001, India
  • ARVIND KUMAR ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132 001, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i12.102244

Keywords:

Na /K , Osmolytes, Photosynthetic traits, Salinity, Salvadora oleoides, Sodicity

Abstract

An experiment was conducted in microplots at ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana during 2013–16 to study the adaptive response of Salvadora oleoides, a facultative halophyte under saline, sodic and mixed saline-sodic conditions. S. oleoides was not able to survive at higher sodicity (pH ~ 10.0) and salinity (ECe ~ 35 dS/m) as well as on the mixed sodicity and salinity levels (pH ~ 9.0 along with ECe ~ 10, 15, 20 dS/m). Stress either salinity or sodicity brought reduction in plant height, chlorophyll content and gas exchange attributes, but S. oleoides maintained gaseous exchange at moderate stress level. S. oleoides accumulated 4 fold higher proline under sodic stress and 6 fold under salinity stress. Other osmolytes, TSS and soluble protein decreased with stress intensification to maintain osmotic balance. In comparison to control, sodicity enhanced Na+ and Cl- by 54.57% and 20.33%, while under salinity, Na+ was enhanced by 141.52–256.09% and Cl- by 47.83–115.58% at ECe ~ 15 and 25 dS/m, respectively. Inspite of such higher increase in Na+ and Cl-, S. oleoides retained good amount of mean K+ (1.22%) in leaf tissue. S. oleoides also maintained leaf Na+/K+ below 1.0 under stress condition of pH ~ 9.5 and ECe ~ 15 dS/m. Based on the studied physio-biochemical analysis, Salvadora oleoides exhibited good adaptive potential under moderate salinity and sodicity stress and could be used as a promising salt-tolerant plant species for plantation in salt affected areas.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Baker NR and Rosenqvist E. 2004. Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence can improve crop production strategies: An examination of future possibilities. Journal of Experimental Botany 55: 1607–21.

Bates L S, Waldren R P and Teare I D. 1973. Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil 39(1): 205–07.

Bradford M M. 1976. A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry 7: 248.

Chaves M M, Pereira J S, Maroco J, Rodrigues M L, Ricardo C P P, Osório M L, Carvalho I, Faria T and Pinheiro C. 2002. How plants cope with water stress in the field? Photosynthesis and growth. Annals of Botany 89: 907–16.

Dhansu P, Kumar R, Kumar A, Vengavasi K, Raja A K, Vasantha S, Meena M R, Kulshreshtha N and Pandey S K. 2022. Differential physiological traits, ion homeostasis and cane yield of sub-tropical sugarcane varieties in response to long-term salinity stress. Sustainability 14(20): 13246.

Garg N and Singla R. 2004. Growth, photosynthesis, nodule nitrogen and carbon fixation in the chickpea cultivars under salt stress. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology 16(3): 137–46.

Hiscox J D and Israelstam G F. 1979. A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. Canadian Journal of Botany 52: 332–34.

Kosová K, Prášil I T and Vítámvás P. 2013. Protein contribution to plant salinity response and tolerance acquisition. International Journal of Molecular Science 14: 6757–89.

Kumar A, Sharma S K, Lata C, Sheokand S and Kulshreshta N. 2015. Combined effect of boron and salt on polypeptide resolutions in wheat varieties differing in their tolerance. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 85(12): 1626–32.

Kumar A, Kumar A, Lata C and Kumar S. 2016. Eco-physiological responses of Aeluropus lagopoides (grass halophyte) and Suaeda nudiflora (non-grass halophyte) under individual and interactive sodic and salt stress. South African Journal of Botany 105: 36–44.

Kumar A, Mann A, Kumar A, Devi S and Sharma P C. 2018a. Potential and role of halophyte crops in saline environments. (In) Engineering Practices for Management of Soil Salinity, pp. 329–65. Gupta S K, Goyal M R and Singh A (Eds). Apple Academic Press Inc., Canada.

Kumar A, Kumar A, Lata C, Kumar S, Mangalassery S, Singh J P, Mishra A K and Dayal D. 2018b. Effect of salinity and alkalinity on responses of halophytic grasses Sporobolus marginatus and Urochondra setulosa. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 88(8): 1296–04.

Kumar A, Kumar A, Kumar P, Lata C and Kumar S. 2018c. Effect of individual and interactive alkalinity and salinity on physiological, biochemical and nutritional traits of Marvel grass. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 56(8): 573–81.

Kumar A, Mann A, Lata C, Kumar N and Sharma P C. 2019a. Salinity-induced Physiological and molecular responses of halophytes. (In) Research Developments in Saline Agriculture, Springer Nature, pp. 331–56. Dagar J C (Ed.). Singapore Pte Ltd., https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-5832-6_10

Kumar A, Mishra A K, Singh K, Lata C and Kumar P. 2019b. Diurnal changes and effect of elevated CO2 on gas exchange under individual and interactive salt and water stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(5): 763–68.

Kumar A, Mann A, Kumar A, Kumar N and Meena B L. 2021. Physiological response of diverse halophytes to high salinity through ionic accumulation and ROS scavenging. International Journal of Phytoremediation 23(10): 1041–51.

Lata C, Soni S, Kumar N, Kumar A, Pooja, Mann A and Rani S. 2019. Adaptive mechanism of stress tolerance in Urochondra (grass halophyte) using roots study. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(6): 1050–53.

Lata C, Kumar A, Mann A, Soni S, Meena B and Rani S. 2022. Mineral nutrient analysis of three halophytic grasses under sodic and saline stress conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(9): 1051–55.

Mangalassery S, Dayal D, Kumar A, Bhatt K, Nakar R, Kumar A, Singh J P and Misra A K. 2017. Pattern of salt accumulation and its impact on salinity tolerance in two halophyte grasses in extreme saline desert in India. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 55(8): 542–48.

Mann A, Kumar A, Saha M, Lata C and Kumar A. 2019. Stress induced changes in osmoprotectants, ionic relations, antioxidants activities and protein profilling characterize Sporobolus marginatus Hochst. Ex A. rich salt tolerance mechanism. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 57: 672–679.

Mann A, Kumar N, Kumar A, Lata C, Kumar A, Meena B L, Mishra D, Grover M, Gaba S, Parameswaran C and Mantri N. 2021. de novo transcriptomic profiling of differentially expressed genes in grass halophyte Urochondra setulosa under high salinity. Scientific Reports 11: 5548.

Pooja, Nandwal A S, Chand M, Kumar A, Rani B, Kumari A and Kulshrestha N. 2017. Comparative evaluation of changes in protein profile of sugarcane varieties under different soil moisture regimes. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(10): 1203–10.

Pooja, Nandwal A S, Chand M, Singh K, Mishra A K, Kumar A, Kumari A and Rani B. 2019. Varietal variation in physiological and biochemical attributes of sugarcane varieties under different soil moisture regimes. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 57(10): 721–32.

Ramoliya P J and Pandey A N. 2002. Effect of increasing salt concentration on emergence, growth and survival of seedlings of Salvadora oleoides (Salvadoraceae). Journal of Arid Environments 51(1): 121–32.

Sudhir P and Murthy S D S. 2004. Effects of salt stress on basic processes of photosynthesis. Photosynthetica 42: 481–486.

Tavakkoli E, Fatehi F, Coventry S, Rengasamy P and McDonald G K. 2011. Additive effects of Na+ and Cl– ions on barley growth under salinity stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 62(6): 2189–03.

Vaghela P M, Patel A D, Pandey I B and Pandey A N. 2009. Implications of calcium nutrition on the response of Salvadora oleoides (Salvadoraceae) to soil salinity. Arid Land Research and Management 23: 311–26.

Yemn E W and Willis A J. 1954. The estimation of carbohydrates in plant extracts by anthrone. Biochemical Journal 57: 508–14.

Downloads

Submitted

2020-07-10

Published

2022-12-16

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

KUMAR, A., MANN, A., LATA, C., & KUMAR, A. (2022). Physiological adaptability of Salvadora oleoides to sodicity and salinity stress. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(12), 1480–1483. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i12.102244
Citation