Characterization and fertility assessment of soils of Chandauli district of Eastern Uttar Pradesh for sustainable land use planning


Abstract views: 146 / PDF downloads: 49

Authors

  • SEEMA SEEMA Research Scholar, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 005, India
  • A K GHOSH Professor, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 005, India
  • SUNITA YADAV Scientist, Center of Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture, IARI New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v90i8.105954

Keywords:

Alfisol, Characterization, Classification, Inceptisols, Land use plan

Abstract

Seven typical pedons representing major landforms in semi-arid and sub-tropical ecosystem of Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh, viz. plains, mid lands and uplands developed from alluvium parent material under varying land uses were studied for their morphological characteristics, physical and chemical properties and soil classification. The colour of the soils ranged from light brown grey to brownish yellow red with a dominant hue of 10YR. These soils were acidic to moderately alkaline (pH 4.8 to 8.4) in reaction, non-saline, moderately deep to very deep and had isohyperthermic temperature and udic soil moisture regime. Texture and total organic carbon (TOC) ranged from silty loam to silty clay loam and 0.1 to 29.7 kg/ha respectively. Soils were medium in phosphorus (6.8 to 24.2 kg/ha) and available potassium (159 to 376 kg/ha ). All the pedons had ochric epipedon and underlain by cambic horizon (P1 to P4) within the control section and as such they come under order Inceptisols, whereas profile 5 to profile 7 have argillic horizon so they come under order Alfisols. All soils of the study area fall in agricultural land under land capability classes III and IV having limitations of slope and erosion. On the basis of major soil constraints and potentials, suitable land use plan has been suggested.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agarwal R R 1961. Soil Classification for the alluvium derived soils for Indian Gangetic Plains of Uttar Pradesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 9: 129–131.

Agarwal R R and Mehrotra c L. 1952. Soil Survey and Soil Work in UP, Vol. II. Supdt. Printing and Stationery, UP, Allahabad.

Bray R H and Kurtz L T. 1945. Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science 59: 39–45. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194501000-00006

De Datta S K. 1981. Principles and Practices of Rice Production, p 41. Wiley, NY, USA.

Devi P A, Naidu M V S and Rao A R. 2015. Characterization and classification of sugarcane growing soils in southern Agro- Climatic Zone: A case study in eastern mandals of Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 63(3): 245–258. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-0228.2015.00034.1

Ghosh A K, Barbosa J, and da Silva I R 2011. An environmental threshold of soil test P and degree of P saturation of Brazilian Oxisols. CLEAN–Soil, Air, Water 39(5): 421–427. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.201000361

Hanway J. Heidal. 1952. Soil analysis methods as used in lowa State College. Agri. Bull 57: 1–13.

Jackson M L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India (Pvt) Ltd, New Delhi.

Jenny H. 1941. Factors of Soil Formation: A System of Quantitative Pedology. McGraw-Hill, New York. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194111000-00009

Karmakar R M and Rao AEV. 1999. Soils on different physiographic units in Lower Brahmaputra valley zone of Assam. I. Characterization and classification. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 47: 760–767.

Maddonni G A, Urricariet S, Ghersa C M and Lavado R S. 1999. Assessing soil fertility in the rolling Pampa, using soil properties and maize characteristics. Journal of Agricultural Research and Sciences 91: 280–286. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1999.00021962009100020017x

MandaI L N. 1984. Soil research in relation to rice. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 32: 575–582.

Naidu L G K, Reddy R S, Eward raja, Shivaprasad C R and Krishnan P.1994. Characterization of ango (Mangifera indica)- growing soils and pH-related constraints for production in south Karnataka. Indian Jorunal of Agricultural Sciences 64(6): 359–63.

Olsen S R, Cole C V, Watanabe P S and Dean L A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. United States Department of Agriculture Circular No. 939.

Ponnamperuma F N. 1972. The chemistry of submerged soils. Advances in Agronomy 24: 29 p. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60633-1

Shankarnarayana H S and Hirekerur L R. 1972.Characterization of some soils of North India Plains. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 20: 157–167.

Sharma S S, Totawat K L and Shyampura R L. 2004. Characterization and classification of salt-affected soils of southern Rajasthan. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 52: 209–213.

Sidhu P S, Hall G F and Sehgal J L. 1976.Studies on some soils at varying stages of pedogenic development in the central Punjab. Journal of Research (PAU) 13: 23–33.

Singh G, Agrawa L H P and Singh M. 1989.Genesis and classification of soils in an alluvial pedogenic complex. Journal of the Indian Socierv of Soil Science 37: 343–354.

Sireesha P V G and Naidu M V S. 2013. Studies on genesis, characterization and classification of soils in semi-arid agroecological region: A case study in Banaganapalli mandal of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 61: 167–178.

Soil Survey Staff 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy, 14th Edition, USDA/NRCS, Washinton D C.

Subbiah B V and Asija G L. 1956. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science 25: 259–260.

Thangasamy A, Naidu M V S., Ramavatharam N and Reddy C R. 2005. Characterization, classification and evaluation of soil resources in Sivagirimicrowatershed of Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh for sustainable land use planning. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 53: 11–21.

Vedadri U and Naidu M V S. 2018. Characterization, Classification and evaluation of soils in semi-arid ecosystem of Chillakur mandal in SPSR Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 66 (1): 1–19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-0228.2018.00002.6

Walkley A. and Black, I.A. 1934. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37: 29–38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193401000-00003

Wang J, Fu B, Qiu Y and Chen L. 2001. Soil nutrients in relation to land use and landscape position in the semi-arid small catchment on the loess plateau in China. Journal of Arid Environment 48: 537–550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jare.2000.0763

Downloads

Submitted

2020-10-14

Published

2020-10-14

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

SEEMA, S., GHOSH, A. K., & YADAV, S. (2020). Characterization and fertility assessment of soils of Chandauli district of Eastern Uttar Pradesh for sustainable land use planning. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 90(8), 1521-1527. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v90i8.105954
Citation