Influence of hydrocolloid-based edible coatings on fruit firmness and quality of nectarine (Prunus persica var. nucipersica) cv. Snow Queen at low temperature storage


Abstract views: 105 / PDF downloads: 48

Authors

  • SMRUTHI JAYARAJAN Ph D student, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • R R SHARMA Principal Scientist and corresponding author, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • SHRUTI SETHI Principal Scientist, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • RAM ASREY Principal Scientist, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • O P AWASTHI Principal Scientist, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • VIJAY PAUL Principal Scientist, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • H S BHATIA Associate Director, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • V P SHARMA Farm Manager, Regional Horticultural Research Station, Bajaura, Himachal Pradesh

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v90i8.105969

Keywords:

Fruit firmness, Fruit quality, Hydrocolloids, Shelf life.

Abstract

Nectarine (Prunus persica var. nucipersica) is known for its characteristic flavor and fuzzless nature in contrast to its progenitor peaches. It is an important stone fruit with immense nutrients and antioxidant capacity. The smooth texture and glossy cosmetic appeal makes the nectarine popular among the consumers as well as growers. But the postharvest life of this functional fruit is only 3-4 days under ambient conditions due to its high perishability and its unfamiliarity among the growers as its newly introduced crop causes a significant postharvest loss to the growers. Hence, this experiment was conducted to enhance the marketability of commercially important nectarine cultivar Snow Queen fruit by coating them with various plants (hydrocolloids) based edible coating. Fruits were treated with various plant based edible coating such as carboxymethyl cellulose (1%, 1.5%) and GA (gum Arabica) (8%, 10%, 12%). The fruits were dipped in various coating material and dried under ambient condition and stored at cold storage conditions (1±1 oC and 85-90% relative humidity). The observations on various physical, physiological and biochemical attributes were recorded at weekly interval. The results revealed that among the various edible coatings applied, 1% CMC and 10% GA were found to be effective in reducing the respiration rate and maintaining better fruit firmness than other concentrations of edible coating. These treatments were also better in maintaining other biochemical parameters and extended the shelf life of Snow Queen fruit to about 28 days under storage with better organoleptic properties.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abidi W, Jiménez S, Moreno M A and Gogorcena Y. 2011. Evaluation of antioxidant compounds and total sugar content in a nectarine progeny. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12: 6919–35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms12106919

Ahmad A, Ali M Z and Zainal Z. 2013. Delayed softening of papaya (Carica papaya L. cv. Sekaki) fruit by 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) during ripening at ambient and low temperature storage conditions. Australian Journal of Crop Science 7:750–57.

Colaric M, Robert V, Stampar F and Hudina M. 2005. Evaluation of peach and nectarine fruit quality and correlations between sensory and chemical attributes. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85(15): 2611–16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2316

Galston A and Sawhney K. 1990. Polyamine and plant physiology. Plant Physiology 94: 406–410. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.94.2.406

Gil M I, Tomas F, Betty B A, Pierce H and Kader A A. 2002. Antioxidant capacities, phenolic compounds, carotenoids, and vitamin C contents of nectarine, peach, and plum cultivars from California. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 50: 4976–82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020136b

Glahan S. 2006. Extending the shelf-life of lychee using different CO2: O2 ratios and an ethylene absorbent in polyethylene bags Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 2(1):121–35.

Gol N B, Patel P R and Rao T R. 2013. Improvement of quality and shelf-life of strawberries with edible coatings enriched with chitosan Postharvest Biology and Technology : 185–95. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.06.008

Guerreiro A C, Gago C M L, Faleiro M L, Miguel M G C and Antunes M D C. 2017. The effect of edible coatings on the nutritional quality of ‘Bravo de Esmolfe’ fresh-cut apple through shelf-life. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft und Technologie- Food Science and Technology 75: 210–19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2016.08.052

Jayarajan S and Sharma R R. 2018. Impact of nitric oxide on shelf life and quality of nectarine (Prunus persica var. nucipersica) Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 40(12): 207. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-018-2779-4

Jayarajan S and Sharma R R. 2018. Impact of ethylene absorbents on fruit firmness and quality of nectarine (Prunus persica var. nectarina) fruits during storage at super market conditions Madridge Journal of Food Technology 3(2), 150–53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18689/mjft-1000122

Jayarajan S, Sharma R R, Sethi S, Saha S, Sharma V K and Singh S. 2019. Chemical and nutritional evaluation of major genotypes of nectarine (Prunus persica var nectarina) grown n North-Western Himalayas Journal of Food Science and Technology 56(9): 4266–73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03896-2

Jhalegar M D, Sharma R R, Pal R K and Rana V. 2012. Effect of postharvest treatments with polyamines on physiological and biochemical attributes of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) cv. Allison Fruits 67(1): 13–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/fruits/2011062

Kader A A, Kasmire R F, Mitchell E G, Reid M S, Sommer N F and Thompson J E. 2002. Postharvest Technology of Horticultural crops, University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Oakland CA, USA.

Kittur F S, Saroja N, Habibunnisa and Tharanathan R N. 2001. Polysaccharide-based composite coating formulations for shelf-life extension of fresh banana and mango. European Food Research and Technology 213: 306–11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170100363

Panse V G and Sukhatme P V. 1984. Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers, 3rd edition. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.

Ranganna S. 1999. Handbook of Analysis and Quality Control for Fruits and Vegetable Products, 2nd edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi.

Reddy S V R, Sharma R R and Barthakur S. 2017. Influence of 1-MCP on texture, related enzymes, quality and their relative gene expression in ‘Amrapali’ mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruits. Journal of Food Science and Technology 54(12): 4051–59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-017-2874-3

Chacon R X, Contreras-Esquivel J C, Montañez J, Aguilera-Carbo A F, Reyes-Vega M L, Peralta-Rodriguez R D and Sanchéz- Brambila G. 2017. Guar gum as an edible coating for enhancing shelf-life and improving postharvest quality of Roma tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Journal of Food Quality https:// doi.org/10.1155/2017/8608304. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8608304

Sharma R R and Krishna H. 2016. Fruit Production: Minor Fruits. Daya Publishing House, New Delhi.

Sharma S and Sharma R R. 2015. Nitric oxide inhibits activities of PAL and PME enzymes and reduces chilling injury in ‘Santa Rosa’ Japanese plum (Prunus salicina L). Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology 24(3): 292–97. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13562-014-0271-9

Tahir H E, Xiaobo Z, Jiyong S, Mahunu G K, Zhai X and Mariod A A. 2018. Quality and postharvest shelf life of cold stored strawberry fruit as affected by gum arabic (Acacia senegal) edible coating. Journal of Food Biochemistry 42(3): e12527. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jfbc.12527

Wills R B H and Warton M A .2004. Efficacy of potassium permanganate impregnated into alumina beads to reduce atmospheric ethylene Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 129(3): 433–438. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.129.3.0433

Downloads

Submitted

2020-10-14

Published

2020-10-14

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

JAYARAJAN, S., SHARMA, R. R., SETHI, S., ASREY, R., AWASTHI, O. P., PAUL, V., BHATIA, H. S., & SHARMA, V. P. (2020). Influence of hydrocolloid-based edible coatings on fruit firmness and quality of nectarine (Prunus persica var. nucipersica) cv. Snow Queen at low temperature storage. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 90(8), 1582-1586. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v90i8.105969
Citation