Field evaluation of tractor-operated seeder for sowing mat type paddy nursery


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Authors

  • RAJESH U MODI ICAR - Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow, India
  • G S MANES Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
  • J S MAHAL Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
  • A K DIXIT Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
  • ARSHDEEP SINGH Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
  • A K MAHAL Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i9.108615

Keywords:

Farm mechanization, Mat type nursery, Nursery seeder, Paddy nursery

Abstract

Mat-type nursery having uniform growth is a prerequisite for mechanized paddy transplanting. Generally, this type of nursery is sown manually in the open field or in trays. It requires several simultaneous operations and hence is laborious and time-consuming. The performance of tractor-operated mat-type nursery seeder was evaluated at the Research Farm of Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab during 2019–20 with an objective to obtain the finest speed of operation to get the uniform seed and soil spread. Study was carried out on three different types of soil (sandy loam, loam and silt loam) for three different forward speeds (1.7, 2.2 and 2.7 km/h). Results have shown that the soil type had a non-significant effect on the performance of the machine, whereas forward speed had significant (P<0.05) effect. In overall, with an increase in forward speed of the machine, there was a reduction in uniformity for both seed and soil spread. The best results were obtained at a forward speed of 1.7 km/h with the overall seed spread of 90.93%, overall soil mat thickness 99.70%, fuel consumption 4.36 l/h and effective field capacity 0.092 ha/h. Therefore, the developed tractor-operated seeder can be operated on sandy loam to silt loam soils with a forward speed of 1.7 km/h with 59.5% saving in cost and 62.6% saving in labour for sowing mat type nursery as compared to manual method with MS frames.

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Author Biographies

  • RAJESH U MODI, ICAR - Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow, India

    Scientist, Agricultural Engineering Division, ICAR - Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow, India

  • G S MANES, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

    Additional Director of Research, Farm Mechanisation and Bio-energy, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

  • J S MAHAL, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana

    Director of Extension Education, Directorate of Extension Education, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

  • A K DIXIT, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana

    Principal Scientist, Deptt. of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

  • ARSHDEEP SINGH, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

    Scientist, Deptt. of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

  • A K MAHAL, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

    Professor, Department of Math, Stat & Physics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

References

Mahajan G, Bharaj T S and Timsina J. 2009. Yield and water productivity of rice as affected by time of transplanting in Punjab, India. Agricultural Water Management 96(3): 525–35.

Manes G S, Dixit A, Singh A, Mahal J S and Mahajan G. 2013. Feasibility of mechanical transplanter for paddy transplanting in Punjab. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America 44(3): 14–17.

Mehta C R, Chandel N S, Jena P C and Jha A. 2019. Indian agriculture counting on farm mechanization. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America 50(1): 84–89.

Modi R U. 2020. ‘Design, development and evaluation of tractor operated seeder for mat type paddy nursery’. Ph D thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India. pp. 129

Modi R U, Manes G S, Mahal J S, Dixit A K and Singh M. 2022a. Design of an innovative tractor-operated seeder for mat type paddy nursery. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 81(6): 683–94.

Modi R U, Manes G S, Mahal J S, Dixit A K and Singh M. 2022b. Development and evaluation of tractor operated seeder for mat type paddy nursery under controlled field conditions. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa, and Latin America (accepted).

Modi R U, Manjunatha K, Gautam P V, Nageshkumar T, Sanodiya R, Chaudhary V, Murthy G R K, Srinivas I and Rao C S. 2020. Climate-smart technology based farm mechanization for enhanced input use efficiency. Climate Change and Indian Agriculture: Challenges and Adaption Strategies, pp. 325–57. Srinivasarao C, Srinivas T, Rao R V S, Rao N S, Vinayagam S S and Krishnan P (Eds). ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research and Management, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Sharma S C and Singh T P. 2008. Development and performance evaluation of a mat type nursery raising device. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America 39(2): 64–70.

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Submitted

2020-12-16

Published

2022-09-08

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Articles

How to Cite

MODI, R. U., MANES, G. S., MAHAL, J. S., DIXIT, A. K., SINGH, A., & MAHAL, A. K. (2022). Field evaluation of tractor-operated seeder for sowing mat type paddy nursery. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(9), 1066–1070. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i9.108615
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