Economic and sustainable appraisal of organic growers through no-till garden pea (Pisum sativum) under rice (Oryza sativa)-fallow


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Authors

  • MANOJ KUMAR Krishi Vigyan Kendra, East Sikkim, Ranipool, Sikkim 737 135, India
  • RAGHAVENDRA SINGH Krishi Vigyan Kendra, East Sikkim, Ranipool, Sikkim 737 135, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0766-3806
  • R K AVASTHE Krishi Vigyan Kendra, East Sikkim, Ranipool, Sikkim 737 135, India
  • SUBHASH BABU Krishi Vigyan Kendra, East Sikkim, Ranipool, Sikkim 737 135, India
  • P K PATHAK Krishi Vigyan Kendra, East Sikkim, Ranipool, Sikkim 737 135, India
  • J K SINGH Krishi Vigyan Kendra, East Sikkim, Ranipool, Sikkim 737 135, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i2.108646

Keywords:

Economics, Garden pea, No-till, Organic, Soil properties

Abstract

Low productivity and profitability are the major constraints of organic growers due to continuous rice (Oryza sativa L.) -fallow practice in Sikkim Himalayas. No-till garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivation in rice-fallow may be an option for enhancing the productivity and profitability of the farmers in this region. Hence, to test the feasibility of no-till garden pea cultivation in the rice-fallow area, a frontline demonstration was carried out by the ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), East Sikkim during 2017–20 for increasing productivity, profitability and sustainability of the rice-fallow. Results indicated that rice yield was ranged from 20.8–22.6 q/ha during three years. The three-year mean of rice equivalent yield (REY) was recorded 107.23 q/ha and 21.6 q/ha under rice-garden pea and rice-fallow system, respectively. Higher production efficiency (39.87 kg/ha/day), economic efficiency (503.80 `/ha/day) and land-use efficiency (73.51%) were recorded in the rice-garden pea system compared to rice-fallow. Soil organic carbon (SOC) was 7.20% higher under the rice-garden pea system after 3 cropping cycles. The average net return and benefit-cost ratio was recorded `135091/ha, `19793/ha, and 2.83, 1.83 under rice-garden pea and rice-fallow, respectively. Higher output energy, net energy and energy productivity were recorded in rice-garden pea as compared to rice-fallow. Hence, it may be concluded that the inclusion of garden pea is an option for improving the productivity, profitability, and soil health and energy use efficiency under Sikkim Himalayas.

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References

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Submitted

2020-12-17

Published

2023-02-28

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How to Cite

KUMAR, M., SINGH, R., AVASTHE, R. K., BABU, S., PATHAK, P. K., & SINGH, J. K. (2023). Economic and sustainable appraisal of organic growers through no-till garden pea (Pisum sativum) under rice (Oryza sativa)-fallow. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(2), 195–199. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i2.108646
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