Enhancing growth, yield and water use efficiency of rice (Oryza sativa) through drip irrigation

Abstract views: 347 / PDF downloads: 327


  • E SUBRAMANIAN Krishi Vigyan Kendras, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
  • T RAMESH Anbil Dharmalingam Agricultural college and Research Institute, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu
  • S VIJAYAKUMAR ICAR-Indian Institute of Rice Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad
  • V RAVI Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute, Aduthurai, Tamil Nadu



Rice, drip irrigation, irrigation regime, water use efficiency, yield


A field experiment was conducted during rainy (kharif) season of 2018 and 2019 at the research farm of Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute, Aduthurai, Tamil Nadu to evaluate the impact of drip irrigation on rice (Oryza sativa L.) growth, productivity and water use efficiency. The experiments were laid out in a strip plot design with 4 varieties/hybrids in the horizontal strip and 6 irrigation regimes in the vertical strip with 3 replications. The findings reveal that drip irrigation at 125% Pan Evaporation (PE) resulted in superior growth, yield parameters and grain yield. KRH 2 with 125% PE recorded the maximum grain yield (4200 kg/ha), followed by ADT 45 (4140 kg/ha) with 125% PE. All yield attributes, except ill-filled grains/panicle, increased with increasing irrigation level from 50 to 125% PE. Rice yield attributes, viz. tillers/m2 (r=0.86), panicles/m2 (r=0.90) and grains/panicle (r=0.84) showed positive correlation with grain yield. Irrespective of the variety and irrigation levels the row closer to the drip line recorded higher grain yield at all the irrigation levels compared to rows farthest. Among the irrigation regime the highest total water use (671 mm) was recorded in 125% PE while the highest water use efficiency (6.5 kg/ha-mm) was recorded in 75% PE up to tillering stage, 100% PE during flowering phase and 75% PE
during maturity phase. Among the variety, ADT 45 recorded the highest water use efficiency (7.15 kg/ha mm). The study recommends KRH 2 hybrid and ADT 45 variety for drip irrigation with 125% PE in areas with limited water availability, especially in well-irrigated areas.


Download data is not yet available.


Anusha S. 2015. ‘Studies on drip fertigation in aerobic rice (Oryza sativa L.)’. PhD Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka.

Gomez K A and Gomez. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd edn. International Rice Research Institute, P. O. Box. Manila Philippines and John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA.

Gururaj K. 2013. ‘Optimization of water and nutrient requirement through drip fertigation in aerobic rice’. MSc Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru.

Karthika R, Subramanian E and Ragavan T. 2019. Effect of weed management practices on crop growth, yield and economics of direct seeded rice ecosystems. Madras Agricultural Journal 106: 184–89. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29321/MAJ.2019.000244

Khan S, Tariq R, Yuanlai C and Blackwell J. 2006. Can irrigation be sustainable? Agricultural Water Management 80: 87–99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2005.07.006

Mohan M. 2017. ‘Studied on response of drip fertigation, intra row seeding of legume and planting geometry on soil health, productivity and net return of summer maize’. MSc Thesis, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalay, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6321

Mondal B and Pramanik K C. 2020. Effect of irrigation regimes and method of zinc application on growth and yield attribute of aerobic rice in lateritic soil. Plant Archives 20(1): 1213–19.

Nayak A K, Chatterjee D, Tripathi R, Shahid M, Vijayakumar S, Satapathy B S, Kumar A, Mohanty S, Bhattacharyya P, Mishra P and Kumar U. 2020. Climate smart agricultural technologies for rice production system in Odisha, pp. 366. ICAR-National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Odisha.

Ottis B, Henggeler J C and Vories E. 2006. Low-pressure, Drip-irrigation for Rice. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting [abstracts]. American Society of Agronomy.

Parthasarathi T, Vanitha K, Mohandass S and Vered E. 2018. Evaluation of drip irrigation system for water productivity and yield of rice. Agronomy Journal 110(6): 2378–89. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2018.01.0002

Rekha B. 2014. ‘Studies on fertilizer management through drip fertigation in aerobic rice’. MSc Thesis, University of Agricultural Science, Bengaluru.

Singh P K, Srivastava P C, Sangavi R, Gunjan P and Sharma V. 2019. Rice water management under drip irrigation: an effective option for high water productivity and efficient zinc applicability. Pantnagar Journal of Research 17(1): 19–26.

Srimathi K, Subramanian E and Mahendran P. 2018. Study on physiological indices and profitability of unpuddled rice under late receipt of canal water in periyar vaigai command area, Tamil Nadu. Madras Agricultural Journal 105(7-9): 282–85. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29321/MAJ.2018.000146

Subramanian E, James Martin G, Suburayalu E and Mohan R. 2008. Aerobic rice: water saving rice production technology. In: Proceedings of IWMI- TATA water policy meet, pp. 79–86.

Subramanian E, Vijayakumar S, Sathishkumar A and Aathithyan C. 2021. Feasibility of drip irrigation in rice cultivation. Indian Farming 71(04): 41–44.

Vijaykumar P. 2009. ‘Optimization of water and nutrient requirement for yield maximization in hybrid rice under drip fertigation system rice (Oryza sativa L.)’. MSc Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.

Vijayakumar S, Dinesh Jinger, Parthiban P and Lokesh S. 2018. Aerobic rice cultivation for enhanced water use efficiency. Indian Farming 68(6): 3–6.

Vijayakumar S, Kumar D, Sharma V K, Shivay Y S, Anand A, Saravanan P, Jinger D and Singh N. 2019a. Potassium fertilization to augment growth, yield attributes and yield of dry direct seeded basmati rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(11): 164–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v89i11.95342

Vijayakumar S, Dinesh K, Shivay Y S, Anjali A, Saravanane P, Poornima S, Dinesh J and Nain S. 2019b. Effect of potassium fertilization on growth indices, yield attributes and economics of dry direct seeded basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.). Oryza 56(2): 214–20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35709/ory.2019.56.2.6









How to Cite

SUBRAMANIAN, E., RAMESH, T., VIJAYAKUMAR, S., & RAVI, V. (2023). Enhancing growth, yield and water use efficiency of rice (Oryza sativa) through drip irrigation. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 93(4), 371–375. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v93i4.110273