Study of heterotic potential for important antioxidant and nutritional traits in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)


Abstract views: 151 / PDF downloads: 119

Authors

  • ANJAN DAS ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • RAMESH KUMAR YADAV Principal Scientist, Division of vegetable science, IARI, New Delhi-110012
  • RAKESH BHARDWAJ ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • HARSHWARDHAN CHOUDHARY ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • YOGESH P KHADE ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.110389

Keywords:

okra, heterosis, line × tester, CUPRAC, ascorbic acid, nutritional content

Abstract

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is one of the most nutritious and economic vegetable crop, rich in vitamins, crude fibre, several minerals especially iodine and anti-oxidant compounds. Inspite of its high nutritional value, little efforts have been done in the past for the development of the nutritionally rich F1 hybrids. To address this issue, 10 lines and 3 testers were crossed in line × tester fashion to develop 30 F1 hybrid combinations. All the hybrids, their parents and 1 leading private sector commercial hybrid (Shakti) were evaluated in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 replications to measure average heterosis, heterobeltiosis, economic heterosis for 8 quality traits consecutively for two seasons (2018–19). Analysis of heterosis over commercial check (Shakti) revealed DOV-92 × Pusa Bhindi-5 as one of the best hybrid for chlorophyll a and b, CUPRAC and moisture (%). Concurrently, VRO-6 × Pusa A-4 was found best for ascorbic acid and sugar content, and DOV-62 × Pusa Bhindi-5 for ascorbic acid and total phenolic content. The check was found superior for total carotenoids content. On the basis of mean yield and quality traits, the best performing hybrid DOV-92 × Pusa Bhindi-5 may be recommended for the large scale evaluation for hybrid, can be released in future for commercial cultivation by the growers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • RAMESH KUMAR YADAV, Principal Scientist, Division of vegetable science, IARI, New Delhi-110012

    Principal Scientist

References

Agyare C, Asase A, Lechtenberg M, Niehues M, Deters A and Hensel A. 2009. An ethnopharmacological survey and in vitro confirmation of ethnopharmacological use of medicinal plantsused for wound healing in Bosomtwi-Atwima-Kwanwoma area, Ghana. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 125(3): 393–403.

Apak R, Guclu K, Ozyurek M and Karademir S E. 2004. Novel total antioxidant capacity index for dietary polyphenols and vitamins C and E, using their cupric ion reducing capability in the presence of neocuproine: CUPRAC method. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52: 7970–81.

Chandel R, Sadashiva A T, Ravishankar K V, Das A, Rout B M and Singh S. 2022. Genetic combining, heterosis analysis for horticultural traits in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) using ToLCV-resistant lines and molecular validation of Ty genes. Plant Genetic Resources 19(6): 512–21

Das A, Yadav R K, Bhardwaj R, Choudhary H, Talukdar A, Khade Y P and Chandel R. 2020b. Combining ability and gene actionstudies to select okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) inbred for carbohydrate, vitamins and antioxidant traits. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 90(10): 2006–13.

Das A, Yadav R K, Choudhary H, Lata S, Singh S, Kumar C, Kumari S, Boopalakrishnan G, Bhardwaj R and Talukdar A. 2022. Population structure, gene flow and genetic diversity analyses based on agro-morphological traits and microsatellite markers within cultivated and wild germplasms of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.]. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 69: 771–91.

Das A, Yadav R K, Choudhary H, Singh S, Khade Y P and Chandel R. 2020a. Determining genetic combining ability, heterotic potential and gene action for yield contributing traits and Yellow Vein Mosaic Virus (YVMV) resistance in Okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.]. Plant Genetic Resources 18(5): 316–29.

Das A. 2019a. ‘Genetic diversity based on morphological and molecular markers and heterosis studies in okra [Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Moench)]’. MSc Thesis, Division of Vegetable Science, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.

Das S, Nandi G and Ghosh L K. 2019b. Okra and its various applications in drug delivery, food technology, health care and pharmacological aspects-a review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 11(6): 2139–47.

FAOSTAT. 2018. Available online at: http://faostat.fao.org/

Hadiya D N, Mali SC, Baraiya V K and Patel A I. 2018. Studies on assessment of heterosis for fruit yield and attributing characters in okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. International Journal of Chemical Studies 6(5): 1919–23.

Hansen J and Moller I B. 1975. Percolation of starch and soluble carbohydrates from plant tissue for quantitative determination with anthrone. Analytical Biochemistry 68: 87–94.

Jagota S K and Dani H M. 1982. A new colorimetric technique for the estimation of vitamin C using Folin phenol reagent. Analytical Biochemistry 127: 178–82.

Kubickova K, Subhanova I, Konickova R, Matousova L, Urbanek P, Parobkova H, Kupec M, Pudil J and Vítek L. 2017. Predictive role BLVRA mRNA expression in hepatocellular cancer. Annalsof Hepatology 15(6): 881–87.

Kumar S, Dagnoko S, Haougui A, Ratnadass A, Pasternak N and Kouame C. Okra (Abelmoschus spp.) in West and Central Africa: potential and progress on its improvement. African Journal of Agricultural Research 5: 3590–98.

Lichtenthaler H K and Buschmann C. 2001. Chlorophylls and carotenoids: Measurement and characterization by UV-VIS spectroscopy. Current Protocols in Food Analytical Chemistry 1: 4–3.

Rani C I, Veeraragavathatham D and Muthuvel I. 2003. Performance of parents and hybrids of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. Madras Agricultural Journal 90: 322–25.

Senthilkumar N, Suguna V and Kumar S T. 2007. Reciprocal difference and heterosis breeding for fruit yield traits in okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. Advances in Plant Science 20: 77.

Singh S, Bhatia R, Kumar R, Sharma K, Dash S and Dey S S. 2018. Cytoplasmic male sterile and doubled haploid lines with desirable combining ability, enhances the concentration of important antioxidant attributes in Brassica oleracea. Euphytica 214(11): 1–9.

Singleton V L, Orthofer R and Lamuela-Raventos R M. 1999. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. Methods in Enzymology. Academic press 299: 152–78.

Tiwari J N, Sanjeev K, Ahlawat T R, Akhilesh K and Nishtha P. 2015. Heterosis for yield and its components in okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. The Asian Journal of Horticulture 10(2): 201–06.

Tseng M, Breslow R A, DeVellis R F and Ziegler R G. 2004. Dietary patterns and prostate cancer risk in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiological Follow-up Study cohort. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers 13(1): 71–77.

USDA National Nutrient Database 2019. http://ndb.nal.usda.gov/

Zhang M, Xin W, Yi Z, Li Y, Liu Y, Zhang H, Chen H, Chen X, Tan S and Zhu D. 2018. Human biliverdin reductase regulates the molecular mechanism underlying cancer development. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 119(2): 1337–45.

Downloads

Submitted

2021-02-11

Published

2022-08-18

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

DAS, A., YADAV, R. K., BHARDWAJ, R., CHOUDHARY, H., & KHADE, Y. P. (2022). Study of heterotic potential for important antioxidant and nutritional traits in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(8), 986-990. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.110389
Citation