Effect of sowing and plant spacing on pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) for higher productivity and profitability in India


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Authors

  • SEEMA SEPAT ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • R S RAJE ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • MADHU PATIAL ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • VICKY SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • G SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • RAMA PRASHAT G ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i1.110927

Keywords:

Crop productivity, Economics, Nitrogen uptake, Pusa Arhar-16

Abstract

An experiment was conducted at the research farm of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi during 2016–17. The study was carried out in split-plot design having three dates of sowing (5 June, 21 June and 10 July) in main plot, and spacing (15 cm × 15 cm; 30 cm × 15 cm and 45 cm × 15 cm) in sub-plots with four replications. Results indicated that pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] sowing on 5 June and 21 June recorded significantly (P>0.05) higher no. of pods/plant in 2016–17. Pigeonpea sowing on 5 June and 21 June recorded higher seed and stalk yield followed by 10 July. Pigeonpea sowing on 5 June recorded higher gross and net returns (86.75 and 54.75 × 103 `/ha, respectively). At flowering stage, leaf litter and root volume were recorded highest with the plant spacing at 45 cm × 15 cm (3.5 kg/ha and 2.85, respectively) in both years. Plant spacing at 45 cm × 15 cm recorded higher seed, stalk and biological yield followed by plant spacing at 35 cm × 15 cm and 15 cm × 15 cm. The gross returns and net returns were recorded higher with plant spacing at 45 cm × 15 cm (89 and 59 × 103 `/ha, respectively). Overall, it can be concluded that pusa arhar-16 can be sown from 5–21 June with plant spacing at 45 cm × 15 cm without any yield penalty in Indo-Gangetic Plains of India. 

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References

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Submitted

2021-03-02

Published

2021-03-02

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How to Cite

SEPAT, S., RAJE, R. S., PATIAL, M., SINGH, V., SINGH, G., & G, R. P. (2021). Effect of sowing and plant spacing on pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) for higher productivity and profitability in India. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(1), 64–67. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i1.110927
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