Bio-efficacy of sequential herbicide application for weed management in dry direct seeded rice


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Authors

  • V K CHOUDHARY ICAR-National Institute of Biotic Stress Management, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 493 225, India
  • ANIL DIXIT ICAR-National Institute of Biotic Stress Management, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 493 225, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i1.110930

Keywords:

Benefit-cost ratio, Dry direct-seeded rice, Pre- and post-emergence herbicides, Weed management

Abstract

Weeds are the major biotic constraint in dry-direct seeded rice (DDSR), mainly due to the concurrent emergence and absence of water layer to suppress weeds. Therefore, strategy needs to be developed to get broad-spectrum weed control in DDSR. Experiments were conducted in rice (var. MTU 1010) during 2015-16 where sequential applications of pre- and post-emergence herbicides were evaluated for providing broad-spectrum weed management options in DDSR. Both the years, employing two-hand weedings at 15 and 30 DAS provided the lowest weed densities and weed dry weight at 75 DAS, whereas the maximum values of weeds were recorded in un-weeded plots. Among the herbicide-based weed management practices, application of pendimethalin 1000 g/ha fb bispyribac sodium 25 g/ha fb fenoxaprop 60 g/ha + chlorimuron + metsulfuron 4 g/ha at 30 DAS provided excellent weed control at 75 DAS, with 4.3% higher rice grain yield than two hand weedings at 15 and 30 DAS, pendimethalin 1000 g/ha fb bispyribac sodium 25 g/ha also provided good weed control and higher grain yield. Un-weeded plots noticed with considerable yield reduction of 79.5-83.3% over two hand weedings. Therefore, sequential application of pendimethalin 1000 g/ ha fb bispyribac sodium 25 g/ha is recommended along with need-based application of post-emergence herbicides (fenoxaprop 60 g/ha + chlorimuron + metsulfuron 4 g/ha) or one hand weeding to improve the weed control efficiency and provides economically higher productivity in DDSR.

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References

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Submitted

2021-03-02

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2021-03-02

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How to Cite

CHOUDHARY, V. K., & DIXIT, A. (2021). Bio-efficacy of sequential herbicide application for weed management in dry direct seeded rice. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(1), 79–83. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i1.110930
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