Performance of Basmati rice as influenced by green manuring and sulphur fertilization

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  • SUNIL MANDI ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • YASHBIR SINGH SHIVAY ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India


Economics, Productivity, Sesbania green manuring, Sulphur, Yield attributes


Basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivation is mainly confined to the Himalayan foothill belt of Indo-Gangetic plains owing to its specific climatic requirement for its quality. Green manuring and sulphur fertilization play an essential role for sustaining productivity and maintaining grain quality. A two-year field experiment was conducted at the research farm of the ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India, during kharif (June-November) 2018-19. The experiment was conducted in a split-plot design with two green manure crops such as dhaincha (Sesbania aculeata), sunhemp (Crotalaria juncea) and control in the main-plot and sulphur fertilization such as 20 kg S/ha to rice, 40 kg S/ha to rice, 20 kg S/ha to wheat, 40 kg S/ha to wheat, 20 kg S/ha both to rice and wheat, 40 kg S/ha both to rice and wheat, and control (no sulphur) in the sub-plots with three replications. Dhaincha green manuring recorded the highest yield attributes with 47 more effective tillers/m2, panicle length by 1.50 cm, panicle weight by 0.21 g, and numbers of filled grains by 7 compared to control. It was also recorded 22% more grain yield and higher monetary returns with a higher B:C ratio of 1.27. Application of 40 kg S/ha both to rice and wheat showed maximum Basmati rice yield attributes, higher productivity, which was statistically at par with 40 kg S/ha to rice. However, from an economic point of view 40 kg S/ha was recorded more monetary returns and average two-year extra-net returns of ₹11.784 × 103/ha than control and higher B:C ratio 1.21. Applying sulphur at 40 kg/ha to Basmati rice is recommended to harvest more yield and fetch additional monetary returns.


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How to Cite

MANDI, S., & SHIVAY, Y. S. (2021). Performance of Basmati rice as influenced by green manuring and sulphur fertilization. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(1), 105–108.