Conservation agriculture practices improves productivity and sustainability of peanut (Arachis hypogaea)-based cropping systems

Abstract views: 115 / PDF downloads: 70


  • N K JAIN ICAR-Directorate of Groundnut Research, Junagadh, Gujarat 362 001, India
  • RAM A JAT ICAR-Directorate of Groundnut Research, Junagadh, Gujarat 362 001, India
  • R S YADAV ICAR-Directorate of Groundnut Research, Junagadh, Gujarat 362 001, India
  • H N MEENA ICAR-Directorate of Groundnut Research, Junagadh, Gujarat 362 001, India


Conservation agriculture practices, Peanut-based cropping systems, Sustainability indices, System productivity


To assess the influence of conservation agriculture (CA) practices on productivity and sustainability of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) - based cropping systems, the present field experiment was conducted for five consecutive years (2011-12 to 2015-16) at Junagadh, Gujarat, India. The experiment, comprising 14 treatments, viz. sole peanut, peanut-Sesbania, peanut-green gram (GG), peanut-conventional tilled wheat (CTW), peanut-CTW-Sesbania, peanut- CTW-GG, peanut-CTW-wheat straw incorporation (WSI), peanut-zero tilled wheat (ZTW), peanut-ZTW-Sesbania, peanut-ZTW-GG, peanut-ZTW-WSI, peanut+pigeonpea, peanut+pigeonpea-Sesbania and peanut+pigeonpea-GG was laid out in randomized block design with three replications at fixed site. Peanut -CTW-Sesbania cropping system (2.94 t/ha) recorded maximum pod yield of peanut while haulm yield was higher under peanut-ZTW-Sesbania (3.24 t/ha). Green manuring with Sesbania in peanut-ZTW and peanut+pigeonpea recorded higher grain yield of wheat (2.91 t/ha) and sud yield of pigeonpea (1.93 t/ha), respectively. System productivity (4.55 t/ha) was significantly higher under peanut-ZTW-Sesbania cropping system over sole peanut (with or without GM), peanut-CTW/ZTW, peanut- ZTW-WSI and peanut+pigeonpea (with or without GM). Peanut-ZTW-Sesbania also recorded maximum sustainable yield index (0.46) and sustainable value index (0.48) than other cropping systems. Thus, peanut followed by ZTW or CTW and GM was more productive and sustainable than sole peanut.


Download data is not yet available.


Butter G S and Rana D S. 2014. Legumes as green manures. Textbook of Plant Nutrient Management, part 18, pp. 311–25.

Prasad R, Kumar D, Rana D S, Shivay Y S and Tewatia R K (Eds). Indian Society of Agronomy, New Delhi.

Choudhary M, Rana K S, Bana R S, Ghasal P C, Choudhary G L, Jakhar P and Verma R K. 2017. Energy budgeting and carbon footprint of pearl millet – mustard cropping system under conventional and conservation agriculture in rainfed semi-arid agro-ecosystem. Energy 141: 1052–8. DOI:

DES. 2019. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2018. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers’ Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi.

Jat S L, Shivay Y S and Parihar C M. 2011. Dual purpose summer legumes and zinc fertilization for improving productivity and zinc utilization in aromatic hybrid rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agronomy 56(4): 328–33.

Jat H S, Kumar P, Sutaliya J M, Kumar S, Choudhary M, Singh Y and Jat M L. 2019. Conservation agriculture based sustainable intensification of basmati rice-wheat system in North-West India. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 65 (10): 1370–86. DOI:

Jain N K, Jat R S, Meena H N and Chakraborty K. 2018. Productivity, nutrient and soil enzymes influenced with conservation agriculture practices in peanut. Agronomy Journal 110 (2): 1–8. DOI:

Moriri S, Owoeye L G and Mariga I K. 2010. Influence of component crop densities and planting patterns on maize production in dry land maize/cowpea intercropping systems. African Journal of Agricultural Research 5(11): 1200–07.

Pooniya V and Shivay Y S. 2011. Effect of green manuring and zinc fertilization on productivity and nutrient uptake in basmati rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy 56(1): 28–34.

Sarma A. 2014. Numerical Agronomy, p 194. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India.

Sharma A, Rathod P S and Basavaraj K. 2010. Agronomic management of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) based intercropping systems for improving productivity under rainfed conditions Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 23(4) : 570–4.

Sharma S, Chander G and Verma T S. 2014. Nitrogen dynamics under long term Lantana camara (L.) residue and fertilizer application in a rice-wheat cropping system. Journal of Plant Nutrition 37: 1804–16. DOI:

Singh A, Phogat V K, Dahiya R and Batra S D. 2014. Impact of long-term zero till wheat on soil physical properties and wheat productivity under rice-wheat cropping system. Soil & Tillage Research 140: 98–105. DOI:

Singh A and Shivay Y S. 2013. Residual effect of summer green manure crops and Zn fertilization on quality and Zn concentration of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) under a Basmati rice–durum wheat cropping system. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture: An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems 29(4): 271–87. DOI:

Singh R P, Das S K, Bhaskar Rao V M and Narayana Reddy M.1990. Towards Sustainable Dryland Agricultural Practices, pp.1-81. Central Research on Dryland Agriculture, CRIDA, Hyderabad, Telangana.

Srinivasarao Ch, Venkateswarlu B, Lal R, Singh A K, Kundu S, Vittal K P R, Balaguravaiah G, Babu M V S, Charya G R, Prasadbabu M B B and Reddy T Y. 2012. Soil carbon sequestration and agronomic productivity of an Alfisol for a groundnut-based system in a semiarid environment in southern India. European Journal of Agronomy 43: 40–48. DOI:

Tojo Soler C M, Bado V B, Traore K, Bostick W M, Jones J W and Hoogenboom G. 2011. Soil organic carbon dynamics and crop yield for different crop rotations in a degraded ferruginous tropical soil in a semi-arid region: a simulation approach. The Journal of Agricultural Science (Cambridge) 149(5): 579–93. DOI:

Yadav D, Shivay Y S, Singh Y V, Sharma V K and Bhatia A. 2018. Yield attributes, yields and nutrient uptake of Basmati rice (Oryza sativa) as influenced by in-situ and ex-situ green manuring crops and zinc fertilization. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 88(5): 671–8.









How to Cite

JAIN, N. K., JAT, R. A., YADAV, R. S., & MEENA, H. N. (2021). Conservation agriculture practices improves productivity and sustainability of peanut (Arachis hypogaea)-based cropping systems. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(1), 164–169.