Integrated nutrient management module to improve productivity and economics of short grain aromatic rice (Oryza sativa)- greengram (Vigna radiata) sequence
Abstract views: 70 / PDF downloads: 77 / PDF downloads: 26
Keywords:Economics, Head rice recovery, Hulling per cent, Protein content, Short grain aromatic rice
The present field study was carried out during 2017–18 and 2018–19 rainy (kharif) and winter (rabi) seasons in order to examine the impact caused by integrated nutrient management (INM) on the yield and quality of the short grain aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.)-greengram (Vigna radiata L.) combination. Two years experimental data concluded that integration of 50% recommended dose (RD) as fertilizer + 50% RD of nitrogen via farm yield manure (FYM) resulted in considerably higher economic yield (3837.1 and 3917.7 kg/ha) of short grain aromatic rice cv. Nua Acharamati which were at par with 75% RD as fertilizer + green manuring of dhaincha (3438.5 and 3539.1 kg/ha). Pooled data revealed that, residual effect of 50% RD as fertilizer + 50% RD of nitrogen (FYM) and 75% RD as fertilizer + Rhizobium + PSB in greengram recorded the highest number of pods/plant (18.2), seeds/pod (11.3), pod length (9.3 cm), test weight (32.7 g), seed yield (925.7 kg/ha) and stover yield (2240.7 kg/ha) in greengram cv. IPM-02-03. Application of 50% RD as fertilizer + 50% RD of nitrogen (FYM) to aromatic rice recorded the highest hulling recovery (75.8 and 75.5%), milling recovery (68.0 and 68.3%), head rice recovery (60.0, 59.7%) and crude protein content (8.75 and 9.11%) during both of the years experiment being at par with application of 75% RD as fertilizer + green manuring. Economics of the system revealed the highest gross return, net return and B:C ratio by application of 50% RD as chemical fertilizer + 50% RD of nitrogen (FYM) in rice followed by 75% RD as chemical fertilizer + Rhizobium + PSB in greengram.
Acharya D and Mondal S S. 2011. Effect of integrated nutrient management on the potassium content in the plant and its effect on the quality characters and disease infestation of different crops in rice (Oryza sativa) based intensive cropping system. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 77(10): 664–68.
Alagappan S and Venkitaswamy R. 2016. Impact of different sources of organic manures in comparison with TRRI practice, RDF and INM on growth, yield and soil enzymatic activities of rice-greengram cropping system under site specific organic farming situation. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 10(2): 1–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15740/HAS/AU/12.TECHSEAR(1)2017/145-153
Baishya L K, Ansari M A, Singh R, Deka B C, Prakash N and Ngachan S V. 2014. Response of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) cultivars to integrated nutrient management on productivity, profitability and nutrient uptake in NEH Region. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 84(5): 612–15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v84i5.40486
Bhatt M K, Labanya R, Joshi H C, Pareek N, Chandra R and Raverkar K P. 2017. Long term effects of inorganic fertilizers and FYM on soil chemical properties and yield of wheat under rice-wheat cropping system. ENVIS Bulletin Himalayan Ecology 25: 28–35.
Chaudhary K, Tripathi H C, Singh K, Shweta and Kumar A. 2021. Response of INM in rice in rice-wheat cropping system. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 91(1): 39–43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i1.110922
Dewangan S, Singh, R P, Singh M K and Singh S. 2017. Effect of integrated nutrient management and drought mitigating practices on performance of rainfed chickpea (Cicer arietinum). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 87(3): 301–05. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v87i3.68596
Gogoi B, Barua N G and Baruah T C. 2010. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield of crops and availability of nutrients in Inceptisol under rainfed rice (Oryza sativa)–niger (Guizotia abyssinica) sequence of Asom. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 80(9): 66–70.
Halick J V and Kelly V J. 1959. Gelatinization and pasting characteristic of rice varieties as related to cooking behaviour. Cereal Chemistry 36: 91–98.
Harikesh, Ali A, Shivam, Yadav R P, Kumar S, Kumar A and Yadav A. 2017. Effect of integrated nutrient management and plant geometry on growth and quality of rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties under SRI Technique. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(10): 2503–15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.294
Mahunta R, Barik A K and Roul P K. 2016. Residual effect of organic nutrient management in aromatic rice on growth and productivity of greengram. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 10(3-II): 36–39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/2380-1003023639
Mangaraj S, Malligawad L H, Paikaray R K, Pradhan S R and Sahoo T R. 2018. Impact of different ratios and levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of rainfed soybean. Legume Research-An International Journal 41(6): 861–66. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18805/LR-3819
Mangaraj S, Paikaray R K, Satapathy M R and Swain B. 2021. Effect of organic and inorganic nutrient sources combination on short grain aromatic rice-greengram cropping system. Journal of Crop and Weed 17(2): 47–51. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/09746315.2021.v17.i2.1450
Mangaraj S, Paikaray R K, Garnayak L M, Behera S D, Patra B, Sethi D, Pradhan S R and Jena R. 2023. Crop and soil productivity of a rice-greengram system under integrated nutrient management. Agronomy Journal 1: 1–15.
Meena H, Singh M K and Rani M. 2020. Influence of varying seed rates and integrated nutrient management on performance of direct-seeded hybrid rice (Oryza sativa). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 90(11): 19–23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v90i11.108560
Mohanty M, Nanda S S and Barik A K. 2013. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and economics of wet season rice (Oryza sativa) in Odisha. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 83(6): 599–04.
Pal A K, Behera B and Mohanty S K. 2006. Long-term effect of chemical fertilisers and organic manures on sustainability of rice (Oryza sativa)-horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) cropping sequence under rainfed upland soil. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 76(4): 218–21.
Pandey O P, Shahi S K, Dubey A N and Maurya S K. 2019. Effect of integrated nutrient management of growth and yield attributes of greengram (Vigna radiata L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 8(3): 2347–52.
Puhan P and Das S R. 2018. A study on indigenous aromatic rice of Odisha for economic development of rural poor. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 7(1): 992–014.
Ramesh S, Elankavi S, Baradhan G, Suresh Kumar S M, Sudhagar Rao G B and Ramesh N. 2019. Quality characters of traditional rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties as influenced by EM compost. Plant Archives 19(1): 3000–04.
Sharma A K, Singh T, Patel A and Yadav R A. 2018. Influence of integrated nutrient management practices on scented rice (Oryza sativa L.) pertaining to eastern Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7(5): 1448–53.
Tsen C C and Martin E E. 1971. A note on determining protein contents in various flours and flour streams by the Kjeldahl and by neutron-activation methods. Cereal Chemistry 48: 721–26.
Verma R K, Shivay Y S, Choudhary M, Ghasal P C and Madar R. 2020. Nutrient mobilization and crop assimilation as influenced by nutrient management strategies under direct seeded basmati rice (Oryza sativa)–based cropping systems. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 90(10): 1894–01. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v90i10.107891
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The copyright of the articles published in The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences is vested with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, which reserves the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad, for reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information. The Council has no objection to using the material, provided the information is not being utilized for commercial purposes and wherever the information is being used, proper credit is given to ICAR.