Allelic and bio-chemical characterization of Indian wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties and breeding lines for quality traits


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Authors

  • DIVYA PHOUGAT Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125 001, India
  • PREETI PREETI Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125 001, India
  • VIKRAM SINGH Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125 001, India
  • SHIKHA YASHVEER Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125 001, India
  • I S PANWAR Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125 001, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i9.116095

Keywords:

Allelic diversity, Biochemical traits, Characterization, Markers, wheat

Abstract

Thirteen released and two elite genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) from North-West Plain Zone of India were subjected to biochemical and molecular characterization to study the genetic variability, their grouping and identification using a combination of biochemical and molecular markers during 2014-16 at Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, COA, CCSHAU, Hisar. HD 2967, WH 1142 and WH 1080 were overall better performing for protein content, sedimentation value, hectolitre weight and grain appearance. A total of 99 and 117 polymorphic bands were detected using ISSR and SSR primers, respectively. The similarity indices for SSR ranged from 0.64 to 0.77 while ISSR showed the range of 0.63-0.92. Present study could be effectively utilized in DNA fingerprinting, identification of wheat varieties and elite lines for bio-chemical traits and determination of seed purity.

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References

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Submitted

2021-09-27

Published

2021-09-27

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How to Cite

PHOUGAT, D., PREETI, P., SINGH, V., YASHVEER, S., & PANWAR, I. S. (2021). Allelic and bio-chemical characterization of Indian wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties and breeding lines for quality traits. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(9), 1382–1387. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i9.116095
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