Farmer-To-Farmer Extension (F2FE) approach for speedier dissemination of agricultural technologies: A review


  • UMA SAH ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208 024, India
  • S K SINGH ICAR-Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
  • JEETENDRA K PAL ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208 024, India



Farmer to Farmer Extension, Technology dissemination


Enhanced efficiency of extension efforts targeted towards facilitating uptake of newer agricultural technologies byfarmers is much sought after by extension systems all over the world. Experimentation with several methodologieshas been done world over to achieve the said objective. Farmer-to-Farmer Extension (F2FE) approach is a farmer ledapproach that leverages the informal channels of technology penetration in form of existing social networks for diffusionof well proven agricultural technologies in the farming community. The approach emphasizes on experimentationwith newer technology by progressive farmers, followed by sharing of learning gained with other members in thecommunity. The basic strength of this model is the high credibility assigned by the farming community on localinformation source. The approach has well practiced in different forms in developing countries in Asia, Africa andLatin America. The article reflects on experiences gained from experimenting with F2FE approach in different formsand its institutionalization by extension systems across the globe.


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Review Article

How to Cite

SAH, U., SINGH, S. K., & PAL, J. K. (2021). Farmer-To-Farmer Extension (F2FE) approach for speedier dissemination of agricultural technologies: A review. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(10), 1419–1425.