Bioefficacy of insecticides against Thrips palmi in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum)


Abstract views: 94 / PDF downloads: 121

Authors

  • NAVEEN RAO CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3541-097X
  • RAM KARAN GAUR KVK, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Rohtak, Haryana
  • RISHI KUMAR Central Institute for Cotton Research, Regional Station, Sirsa, Haryana
  • SATNAM SINGH PAU Regional Research Station Faridkot, Punjab
  • RAJAN KAMBOJ CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i9.118427

Keywords:

Bioefficacy, Cotton, Label claimed insecticides, Leaf dip bioassay, Thrips palmi

Abstract

Various species of arthropod have been recorded as cotton pests at various stages of its growth as defoliators, tissue borers and sap-suckers, causing considerable yield losses. Among these, thrips are one of the most devastating early-season sucking pests limiting cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) productivity directly by feeding and transmitting viruses. So far, scanty information is available on the efficacy of insecticide against thrips in cotton. Thus the present study was carried out at Research farm of CCS HAU, Hisar, Haryana during rainy (kharif) season 2019–20 and 2020–21. The efficacy of 14 label-claimed insecticides against Thrips palmi was evaluated under field and laboratory conditions. Under field conditions, profenofos was the most effective insecticide against thrips at three days after spray, while spinetoram recorded the highest thrips reduction after seven days of spray. The following efficacious chemistries against thrips were fipronil and cypermethrin, whereas flonicamid and buprofezin recorded higher thrips population than other treatments. Under laboratory studies, the leaf dip bioassay was conducted to revalidate the field results, and it was found that profenofos, fipronil and spinetoram were highly effective, causing maximum thrips knockdown, whereas lower mortality was recorded in flonicamid. The study provided baseline data on thrips susceptibility to different insecticides, which can be used to develop an effective management strategy by altering different chemistries to avoid selection pressure.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonymous. 2009. IRAC susceptibility test method series, Method no. 8. http://www.irac-online.org

Anonymous. 2013. Cotton Production and Balance Sheet. The Cotton Corporation of India Limited

Chachral Q I, Solangil A G and Verhoef A. 2008. Influence of sodium chloride on seed germination and seedling root growth of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 40(1): 183–97.

Chandra M, Verma R K, Prakash R, Kumar M, Verma D and Singh D K. 2010. Effect of pyrethrin on adult of Thrips tabaci and Scirtothrips dorsalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Advances in Bioresearch 1(1): 81–83.

Chapman J S, Emfinger K D, Shelby Williams T and Leonard B R. 2012. Efficacy of selected insecticides against thrips in cotton. Arthropod Management Tests 37(1): 56–59.

Cho S R, Koo H N, Yoon C and Kim G H. 2011. Sublethal effects of flonicamid and thiamethoxam on green peach aphid, Myzus persicae and feeding behavior analysis. Journal of Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 54(6): 889–98.

Cook D, Herbert A, Akin D S and Reed J. 2011. Biology, crop injury, and management of thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) infesting cotton seedlings in the United States. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 2(2): 1–9.

Cook. 2018. Cotton insect loses. http://www.entomology.msstate. edu/resources/cottoncrop.asp

Gangwar R K, Jat G, Rathore S S and Sharma R K. 2016. Effect of surfactant on the efficacy of insecticides against onion thrips (Thrips tabaci). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 86(6): 757–61.

Halder J, Kodandaram M H, Rai A B and Singh B. 2015. Bio-efficacy of some newer acaro-insecticides against yellow mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks)) and thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood) in chilli. Pesticide Research Journal 27(2): 171–74.

Henderson C F and Tilton E W. 1955. Tests with acaricides against the brown wheat mite. Journal of Economic Entomology 48(2): 157–61.

IRAC. 2014. MoA Classification Scheme, Version 7.3. IRAC International MoA Working Group.

Kumar R, Kranthi S, Nagrare V S, Monga D, Kranthi K R, Rao N and Singh A. 2019. Insecticidal activity of botanical oils and other neem-based derivatives against whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on cotton. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 39(3): 203–10.

Memane S A, Khetmalas M B, Pawar D B and Warade S D. 2001. Management of leaf blight and thrips of onion during rainy season. Journal of Maharashtra Agriculture University 26(3): 347–49.

Morita M, Yoneda T and Akiyoshi N. 2014. Research and development of a novel insecticide, flonicamid. Journal of Pesticide Science 39(3): 179–80.

Raghvani K L, Juneja R P, Godhani B G, Makwana P M and Buhecha K V. 2000. Efficacy of new insecticidal formulations against garlic thrips Caliothrips indicus Bagn. Insect Environment 6(3): 133–34.

Reddy A V, Srihari G and Kumar A K. 2015. Evaluation of certain new insecticides against chilli thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis) season. Journal of Maharashtra Agriculture University 2(2): 347–49.

Reitz S R and Funderburk J. 2012. Management strategies for western flower thrips and the role of insecticides. Insecticides– Pest Engineering, Vol 1, pp. 355–84. Perveen F (Eds). InTech Open Publication, Croatia.

Sparks T C, Crouse G D, Dripps J E, Anzeveno P, Martynow J, DeAmicis C V and Gifford J. 2008. Neural network-based QSAR and insecticide discovery: spinetoram. Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design 22(6): 393–401.

Stewart S D, Lorenz G M, Willis K L, Hanks B A, Steckel S J, Colwell C K. 2007. Thrips control in seedling cotton. (In) Proceeding of Beltwide Cotton Conferences, New Orleans, January 12–15, pp. 1654–58.

Wale S D, Kadu R V and Landge S A. 2011. Evaluation of spinetoram against thrips and spotted bollworm on cotton. Bioinfolet 8(2): 198–200.

Downloads

Submitted

2021-11-29

Published

2022-04-04

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

RAO, N., GAUR, R. K., KUMAR, R., SINGH, S., & KAMBOJ, R. (2022). Bioefficacy of insecticides against Thrips palmi in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(9), 1119–1123. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i9.118427
Citation