Soil biological properties as influenced by organic nutrient management in soybean (Glycine max)


Abstract views: 247 / PDF downloads: 52

Authors

  • M K YADAV Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • H S PUROHIT Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • S K SHARMA Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • G JAT Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • S K YADAV Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • S C MEENA Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • R H MEENA Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India
  • H K JAIN Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313 001, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i11.118582

Keywords:

Microbial properties, Organic fractions, Organic sources, Soybean

Abstract

The present investigation was carried out to study the soil microbial dynamics and enzyme activities as influenced by organic nutrients management in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] under Typic Haplustepts soil of Rajasthan. The experiment comprised 12 treatment combinations of organic source of nutrients, i. e. control (T1), 100% RDF (T2), 100% FYM (T3), 100% vermicompost (T4), 100% compost (T5), 100% green-leaf manure (T6), 50% FYM + 50% vermicompost (T7), 50% FYM + 50% compost (T8), 50% FYM + 50% green-leaf manure (T9), 50% vermicompost + 50% compost (T10), 50% vermicompost + 50% green leaf manure (T11) and 50% compost + 50% green-leaf manure (T12). The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with four replications. The soil microbial population (bacterial, fungal, actinomycetes) at 30 DAS, 60 DAS, dehydrogenase activity and alkaline phosphatase activity of soil significantly influenced due to organic nutrient fertilization, viz. 100% vermicompost treatment (T4) in pooled analysis. However, the application of 100% vermicompost (T4) on bacterial population, fungal population, actinomycetes population of soil at 30 DAS and 60 DAS was found statistically at par with the application of 50% FYM + 50% vermicompost (T7), 50% FYM + 50% compost (T8), 50% vermicompost + 50% compost (T10) and 50% vermicompost + 50% green-leaf manure (T11) in pooled analysis.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonymous. Agriculture Statistics at a Glance. 2019. Agricultural Statistics Division, Director of Economics and Statistics. Department of Agriculture and Co-operation, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India, New Delhi.

Briggs M H and Spedding D J. 1963. Soil enzymes. Science Progress 51: 217–28.

Burns R G, Deforest J L, Marxsen J, Sinsabaugh R L, Stromberger M E, Wallenstein M D, Weintraub M N and Zoppini A. 2013. Soil enzymes in a changing environment: Current knowledge and futuredirections. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 58: 216–34.

Casida, L E, Klein, D A and Santoro, T. 1964. Soil dehydrogenase activity. Soil Science 98: 371–76.

Cusack D F, Silver W L, Torn M S, Burton S D and Firestone M K. 2011. Changes in microbial community characteristics and soil organic matter with nitrogen additions in two tropical forests. Ecology 92: 621–32.

Fraser P M, Haynes R J and Williams P H. 1994. Effect of pasture improvement and intensive cultivation on microbial biomass, enzyme activities and composition and size of earthworm population. Biology and Fertility of Soils 17: 185–190.

Guo S, Wu J, Coleman K, Zhu H, Li Y and Liu W. 2012. Soil organic carbon dynamics in a dryland cerealcropping system of the Loess Plateau under long-term nitrogen fertilizer applications. Plant Soil 353: 321–32.

Ingle S S, Jadhao S D, Kharche V K, Sonune B A and Mali D V. 2014. Soil biological properties as influenced by long-term manuring and fertilization under sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)- wheat (Triticum aestivum) sequence in Vertisols. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 84: 452–57.

Kiss S, Dragan B M and Pasca D.1986. Activity and stability of enzyme molecular following their contact with clay mineral surfaces. Biologia 31: 3–29.

Kumari S and Kumari K. 2002. Effect of vermicompost enriched with rock phosphate on growth and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguilata L. Walp). Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 50: 223–24.

Mandal A, Patra A K, Singh D, Swarup A and Masto R E. 2007. Effect of long-term application of manure and fertilizer on biological and biochemical activities in soil during crop development stages. Bioresource Technology 98: 3585–92.

Marschner P, Umar S and Baumann K. 2011. The microbial community composition changes rapidly in the early stages of decomposition of wheat residue. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43: 445–51.

Moharana P C, Biswas D R, Patra A K, Datta S C, Singh R D and Lata. 2014. Soil nutrient availability and enzyme activities under wheat-greengram crop rotation as affected by rock phosphate enriched compost and inorganic fertilizers. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 62: 224–34.

Sarkar R K, Karmakar S and Chakraborty A. 1997. Response of summer greengram (Phaseolus radiates) to nitrogen, phosphorous application and bacterial inoculation. Indian Journal of Agronomy 38: 578–81.

Tabatabai, M A and Bremner J M. 1969. Use of p-nitrophenyl phosphate for assay of soil phosphatase activity. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 1: 301–07.

Tejada M and Gonzalez J L. 2008. Effects on soil biological properties and rice quality and yield. Agronomy Journal 10: 336–34.

Tiemann L K and Billings S A. 2011. Indirect effects of nitrogen amendments on organic substrate quality increase enzymatic activity driving decomposition in a mesic grassland. Ecosystems 14: 234–47.

Tiwari A, Dwivedi A K and Dikshit P R. 2002. Long-term influence of organic and inorganic fertilization on soil fertility and productivity of soybean-wheat system in a Vertisol. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 50: 472–75.

Vance, E D, Brookes, P C and Jenkinson, D S. 1987. An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass carbon. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19: 703–07.

Walker D J, Clemente R and Bernal M P. 2004. Contrasting effects of manure and compost on soil pH, heavy metal availability and growth of Chenopodium album L. in a soil contaminated by pyritic mine waste. Chemosphere 7: 215–24.

Wang R Z, Dorodnikov M, Yang S, Zhang Y Y, Filley T R, Turco R F, Zhang Y G, Xu Z W, Li H and Jiang Y. 2015. Responses of enzymatic activities within soil aggregates to 9-year nitrogen and water addition in a semi-arid grassland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 81: 159–67.

Downloads

Submitted

2021-12-02

Published

2021-12-02

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

YADAV, M. K., PUROHIT, H. S., SHARMA, S. K., JAT, G., YADAV, S. K., MEENA, S. C., MEENA, R. H., & JAIN, H. K. (2021). Soil biological properties as influenced by organic nutrient management in soybean (Glycine max). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(11), 1670–1674. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i11.118582
Citation