Diversification of rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping system of Varanasi for enhanced productivity and employment generation


Abstract views: 110 / PDF downloads: 92

Authors

  • PRIYANKA SAHA ICAR- Indian agricultural research Institute
  • JITENDRA SINGH BOHRA Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 005, India
  • HARSITA NAYAK Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 005, India
  • TEJBAL SINGH Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 005, India
  • ANAMIKA BARMAN Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 005, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.119692

Keywords:

Diversification, Cropping sequence, Rice equivalent yield, System productivity

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during 2019–20 with an objective to study the effect of diversification of rice- wheat cropping system with different fodder, legume and high value crops for enhanced productivity and employment generation under irrigated ecosystem. The rice equivalent yield was maximum with sudan fodder (4412 kg/ha), capsicum (8371 kg/ha) and lady’s finger (6519 kg/ ha) for rainy (kharif), winter (rabi) and summer season, respectively. However, high value rice-potato-lady’s finger recorded significantly higher system productivity and was comparable to high value rice-capsicum-vegetable cowpea sequence. Cropping sequences containing more than one crop gave better land use efficiency and more employment generation opportunities by engaging more farm labours. Hence, both the sequences, S9 and S10 recorded higher land use efficiency and labour engagement over other crop sequences thus leading to better employment generation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • PRIYANKA SAHA, ICAR- Indian agricultural research Institute

    PhD student (Agronomy)

References

Baishya A, Gogoi B, Hazarika J, Hazarika J P, Borah M and Sutradhar D P. 2016. Maximizing system productivity and profitability through crop intensification and diversification with rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping systems in acid soils of Assam. Indian Journal of Agronomy 61(3): 274–80.

Banjara T R, Bohra J S, Kumar S, Singh T, Shori A and Prajapat K. 2021. Sustainable alternative crop rotations to the irrigated rice-wheat cropping system of Indo-Gangetic plains of India. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 1–18.

Banjara T R, Bohra J S, Kumar S, Ram A and Pal V. 2022. Diversification of rice–wheat cropping system improves growth, productivity and energetics of rice in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of India. Agricultural Research 11(1): 48–57.

Bastia D K, Garnayak L M and Barik T. 2008. Diversification of rice (Oryza sativa)–based cropping systems for higher productivity, resource-use efficiency and economics. Indian Journal of Agronomy 53(1): 22–26.

Bhargavi B, Behera U K, Rana K S, Singh R, Prasad S, Pandey R N and Singh G. 2019. Crop diversification with high-value crops for higher productivity and profitability under irrigated ecosystem. Indian Journal of Agronomy 64(4): 440–44.

Bohra J S, Singh R K, Singh U N, Singh K and Singh R P. 2007. Effect of crop diversification in rice-wheat cropping system on productivity, economics, land use and energy use efficiency under irrigated ecosystem of Varanasi. Oryza 44(4): 320–24.

Ladha J K, Pathak H and Gupta R K. 2007. Sustainability of the rice-wheat cropping system. Journal of Crop Improvement 19(1-2): 125–36.

Kumar S, Bohra J S, Kumar R, Goswami G and Kumawat N. 2015. Assessment of productivity, profitability and energetics of rice-based cropping sequences in irrigated ecosystem of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. Ecology, Environment and Conservation 21: 303–10.

Prasad D, Yadava M S and Singh C S. 2013. Diversification of rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping systems for higher productivity, profitability and resource-use efficiency under irrigated ecosystem of Jharkhand. Indian Journal of Agronomy 58(2): 77–83.

Kakraliya S K, Jat H S, Singh I, Sapkota T B, Singh L K, Sutaliya J M, Sharma P C, Jat R D, Choudhary M, Lopez-Ridaura S and Jat M L. 2018. Performance of portfolios of climate smart agriculture practices in a rice-wheat system of western Indo- Gangetic plains. Agricultural Water Management 202: 122–33.

Downloads

Submitted

2021-12-31

Published

2022-04-18

Issue

Section

Short-Communication

How to Cite

SAHA, P., BOHRA, J. S., NAYAK, H., SINGH, T., & BARMAN, A. (2022). Diversification of rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping system of Varanasi for enhanced productivity and employment generation. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(8), 1026-1028. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.119692
Citation