Effect of non-destructive edible coating materials and refrigerated storage on quality and shelf life of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum)

Abstract views: 348 / PDF downloads: 67


  • NAVEEN KUMAR Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh 173 230, India
  • K S THAKUR Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh 173 230, India
  • KAVITA DEVI Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh 173 230, India
  • SATISH KUMAR Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh 173 230, India



Bell pepper, Plant extracts, Refrigerated storage, Shelf life, Wax coating


Bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) has high nutritional value but the high water content makes it susceptible to water loss and shrivelling, limiting the storage life. The present investigation was carried out at the post-harvest physiology laboratory of Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Himachal Pradesh in 2017–18 to evaluate the effect of various edible coatings on the quality of capsicum fruits. Comparative mean analysis by Tukey’s test (P<0.05) revealed that the coated fruits exhibited lesser variations in various physico-chemical characteristics during storage while, 50% and 25% starlight coating and 15% Aloe vera leaf extract resulted in delayed senescence and were effective in maintaining the postharvest quality of green bell pepper fruits.


Download data is not yet available.


Asghari M, Khalili H, Rasmi Y and Mohammadzadeh A. 2013. Influence of postharvest nitric oxide and Aloe vera gel application on sweet cheery quality indices and storage life. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 4(9): 2393–98.

Bae H, Jayaprakasha G K, Jifon J and Patil B S. 2012. Variation of antioxidant activity and the levels of bioactive compounds in lipophilic and hydrophilic extracts from hot pepper (Capsicum spp.) cultivars. Food Chemistry 134: 1912–18.

Behra T K, Patil R K, Sen N and Singh M. 2004. Effect of maturity at harvest on physico- chemical attributes of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum var. grossum) varieties. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 74: 251–53.

Bhardwaj R L and Sen N Z. 2003. Zero energy cool chamber storage of mandarin (Citrus reticulata cv. Nagpur Santra). Journal of American Society for Horticultural Sciences 40(6): 669–72.

Bray H C and Thorpe W. 1954. Analysis of phenolic compounds of interest in metabolism. Methods Biochemistry Analysis 1: 27–52.

Chauhan O, Raju P, Singh A and Bawa A. 2011. Shellac and Aloe vera gel based surface coatings for maintaining keeping quality of apple slices. Food chemistry 126: 961–66.

Deepa N, Kaur C, George B, Singh B and Kapoor H C. 2007. Antioxidant constituents in some sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Food Science and Technology 40: 212–19.

Edusei V O, Ofosu-Anim J, Johnson P N T and Cornelius E W. 2012. Extending postharvest life of green chilli pepper fruits with modified atmosphere packaging. Ghana Journal of Horticulture 10: 131–40.

Gakhukar R T. 1996. Commercial and industrial aspects of neem based pesticide. Pestology 22(10): 15–32.

Ghasemnazhad M, Sherafati M and Payvast G A. 2011. Variation in phenolics compounds, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activity of five coloured bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) fruits at two different harvest times. Journal of Functional Foods 3(1): 44–49.

Ghidelli C, Mateos M, Rojas-Argudo C and Perez-Gago M B. 2014. Extending the shelf life of fresh-cut eggplant with a soy protein–cysteine based edible coating and modified atmosphere packaging. Postharvest Biology and Technology 95: 81–87.

Gniewosz M and Synowiec A. 2011. Antibacterial activity of pullulan films coating thymol. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 26: 389–95.

Hwang J T, Lee Y K, Shin J I and Park O J. 2009. Anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic effect of genistein alone or in combination with capsaicin in TPA-treated rat mammary glands or mammary cancer cell line. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1171: 415–20.

Johnson J D. 2009. Do carotenoids serve as transmembrane radical channels. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 47: 321–23.

Kader A A. 2005. Increasing food availability by reducing postharvest losses of fresh produce. Acta Horticulturae 682: 2169–75.

Lane J H and Eynon L. 1923. Determination of reducing sugar by Fehling’s solutions with methylene blue as indicator. Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry 42: 32.

Litoriya N A, Gandhi K and Talati J G. 2014. Nutritional composition of different chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) varieties. Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry 27(1): 91–92.

Loke W M, Proudfoot J M, Stewart S, McKinley A J and Needs P W. 2008. Metabolic transformation has a profound effect on anti-inflammatory activity of flavonoids such as quercetin: Lack of association between antioxidant and lipoxygenase inhibitory activity. Biochemical Pharmacology 75: 1045–53.

Manolopoulou H, Lambrinos G and Xanthopoulos G. 2012. Active modified atmosphere packaging of fresh-cut bell peppers: effect on quality indices. Journal of Food Research 1(3): 148–58.

Ochoa-Reyes E, Martinez-Vazquez G, Saucedo Pompa S, Montanez J, Rojas-Molina R, Leon-Zapata M A, Rodriguez-Herrera R and Aguilar C N. 2013. Improvement of shelf life quality of green bell peppers using edible coating formulations. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences 2: 2448–51.

Olivas G I, Davila-Avina J E, Salas-Salazar N A and Molina F J. 2008. Use of edible coatings to preserve the quality of fruits and vegetables during storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology 4: 1–9.

Plaza L, Sanchez-Moreno C, Elez-Martinez P, De-Ancos B, MarinBelloso O and Cano M P. 2006. Effect of refrigerated storage on vitamin C and antioxidant activity of orange juice processed by high-pressure or pulsed electric fields with regard to low pasteurization. European Food Research and Technology 223(4): 487–93.

Ranganna S. 1986. Handbook of Analysis and Quality Control of Fruit and Vegetable Products, 2nd edn. Tata McGraw Hill Publication Company, New Delhi

Reyes-Escogido M L, Gonzalez-Mondragon E G and Vazquez- Tzompantzi E. 2011. Chemical and pharmacological aspects of capsaicin. Molecules 16(2):1253–70.

Sharma S K and Thakur K S. 2017. Effect of Starlight Fruit Conserve Wax Emulsion and CFB Packaging on Storage Quality of Pear. Indian Journal of Ecology. 44(6): 744–50.

Tadesse T. 2000. Fruit growth characteristics and chronological development of calyx and splitting in Pacific rosie apples fruit. Journal Publications pp. 19-25.

Yeganeh M A, Hadavi E and Kalhori M. 2013. Effects of salicylic acid on quality of ‘Bidaneh Sefid’ table grapes during cold storage. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 5(18): 2041–47.









How to Cite

KUMAR, N., THAKUR, K. S., DEVI, K., & KUMAR, S. (2022). Effect of non-destructive edible coating materials and refrigerated storage on quality and shelf life of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(3), 305-310. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122674