Effect of tillage and irrigation management on radiation use efficiency of wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Abstract views: 389 / PDF downloads: 91


  • MADANMOHAN MEENA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • K K BANDYOPADHYAY ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • A SARANGI ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • S PRADHAN ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • P KRISHNAN ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India



fIPAR, Radiation use efficiency, Tillage, Wheat


Field experiments were conducted during 2015–16 and 2016–17 on wheat (cv HD2967) in a sandy loam soil at ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi to study the effect of tillage and irrigation management on radiation use efficiency (RUE) of wheat. The treatments comprising of three levels of tillage as main plot factor (Conventional tillage, Deep tillage and No tillage) and three levels of irrigation as subplot factor (I1: 1 irrigation, I3: 3 Irrigations and I5: 5 Irrigations) were evaluated in a split plot design. The results showed that there was no significant difference among tillage treatments with respect to extinction coefficient. However, pooled data of 2 years, extinction coefficient due to I5 was significantly higher than that of I3 and I1 by 8.8 and 23.8%, respectively, and extinction coefficient due to I3 was significantly higher than I1 by 13.8%. There was no significant difference among the tillage treatments with respect to radiation use efficiency (RUE) of wheat, but RUE increased significantly with increasing irrigation level. RUE of wheat under I5 was significantly higher than that of I1 and I3 treatments but there was no significance difference between I1 and I3 with respect to RUE of wheat in both the years.


Download data is not yet available.


Aggarwal P K, Kalra N, Chander S and Pathak H. 2004. Infocrop- A generic simulation model for annual crops in tropical environment. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi: 132 pp

Akram M. 2011. Growth and yield components of wheat under water stress of different growth stages. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 36: 455–68.

Allen R G, Pereira L S, Raes D and Smith M. 1998. Crop Evapotranspiration—Guidelines for Computing Crop Water Requirements, No. 56. FAO, Rome, FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper. ASCE 108: 57–74.

Bassu S, Giunta F and Motzo R. 2011. Effects of sowing date and cultivar on radiation use efficiency in durum wheat. Crop Pasture Science 62: 3–47.

Brisson N, Gary C, Justes E, Roche R, Mary B, Ripoche D, Zimmer D, Sierra J, Bertuzzi P, Burger P, Bussière F, Cabidoche Y M, Cellier P, Debaeke P, Gaudillère J P, Hénault C, Maraux F, Seguin B and Sinoquet H.2003. An overview of the crop model STICS. European Journal of Agronomy 18: 309–32.

Ghosh B N, Dogra P, Sharma N K, Bhattacharyya R and Mishra P K.2015. Conservation agriculture impact for soil conservation in maize–wheat cropping system in the Indian sub-Himalayas. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 3: 112–18.

Gomez K A and Gomez A A.1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Willey and Sons, New York.

Gregory P and Eastham J.1996. Growth of shoots and roots, and interception of radiation by wheat and lupin crops on a shallow, duplex soil in response to time of sowing. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 47: 427–47.

Gregory P J, Tennant D and Belford R K.1992. Root and shoot growth, and water and light use efficiency of barley and wheat crops grown on a shallow duplex soil in a Mediterranean-type environment. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 43: 555–73.

Han H, Li Z, Ning T, Zhang X, Shan Y and Bai M.2008. Radiation use efficiency and yield of winter wheat under deficit irrigation in North China. Plant and Soil Environment 54: 313–19.

Kiniry J R, Jonnes C A, O’Toole J C, Blanchet R, Cabelguenne M and Spanel D A.1989. Radiation use efficiency in biomass accumulation prior to grain filling for five grain crop spices. Field Crops Research 20: 51–64.

Li Q Q, Chen Y H, Liu M Y, Zhou X B, Yu S L and Dong B D. 2008. Effects of irrigation and planting patterns on radiation use efficiency and yield of winter wheat in North China. Agricultural Water Management 95: 469–76.

Monteith J L.1972. Solar radiation and productivity in tropical ecosystems. Journal of Applied Ecology 9: 747–66.

Monteith J L. 1977. Climate and the efficiency of crop production in Britain. Philosophy of Transactions of Royal Society London 281: 277–94.

Monteith J L.1981. Climatic variations and growth of crops. Journal of Royal Meteorological Society 107: 749–74.

Muurinen S and Peltonen-Sainio P. 2006. Radiation use efficiency of modern and old spring cereal cultivars and its response to nitrogen in northern growing conditions. Field Crops Research 96: 363–73.

Ngwira A R, Aune J B and Thierfelder C. 2014. DSSAT modelling of conservation agriculture maize response to climate change in Malawi. Soil and Tillage Research 143: 85–94.

O’Connell M G, O’Leary G J, Whitfield D M and Connor D J. 2004. Interception of photosynthetically active radiation and radiation-use efficiency of wheat, filed pea and mustard in a semi-arid environment. Field Crops Research 85: 111–24.

Plénet D, Mollier A and Pellerin S. 2000. Growth analysis of maize field crops under phosphorus deficiency. II. Radiation-use efficiency, biomass accumulation and yield components. Plant Soil 224: 259–72.

Pradhan S, Sehgal V K, Sahoo R N, Bandyopadhyay K K and Singh R. 2014.Yield, water, radiation and nitrogen use efficiencies of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as influenced by nitrogen levels in a semi-arid environment. Indian Journal of Agronomy 59: 267–75.

Qamar R, Rehman E A, Ali A, Ghaffar A, Mahmood A, Javeed H M R and Aziz M. 2013. Growth and Economic Assessment of Wheat under Tillage and Nitrogen Levels in Rice-Wheat System. American Journal of Plant Sciences 4: 2083–91.

Ritchie J T and Otter S.1985. Description and performance of CERES-Wheat: A user-oriented wheat yield model. USDA-ARS. ARS-38. pp. 159–75.

Robertson M J, Slim S, Chauhan Y S and Ranganathan R. 2001. Predicting growth and development of pigeon pea, biomass accumulation and partitioning. Field Crops Research 70: 89–100.

Salvagiotti F and Miralles D.2008. Radiation interception, biomass production and grain yield as affected by the interaction of nitrogen and sulfur fertilization in wheat. European Journal of Agronomy 28: 282–90.

Sandaña P, Harcha C I and Calderini D F. 2009. Sensitivity of yield and grain nitrogen concentration of wheat, lupin and pea to source reduction during grain filling. A comparative survey under high yielding conditions. Field Crops Research 114: 233–43.

Siddique K H M, Belford R K, Perry M W and Tennant D. 1989. Growth, development and light interception of old and modern wheat cultivars in a Mediterranean-type environment. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 40: 473–87.

Sinclair T R and Muchow R C. 1999. Radiation use efficiency. Advances in Agronomy 65: 215–65.

Stöckle C and Kemanian A. 2009. Crop radiation capture and use efficiency: a framework for crop growth analysis. Crop Physiology: Applications for Genetic Improvement and Agronomy. Sadras VO and Calderini DF (Eds). Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA, pp. 145–170.

Thomas P. 2013. ‘Enhancing water productivity in wheat by optimization of irrigation management using AquaCrop mode’l. MSc Thesis in Agricultural Physics. P.G. School IARI, New Delhi, India.

Yunusa I A M, Siddique K H M, Belford R K and Karimi M M.1993. Effect of canopy structure on efficiency of radiation interception and use in spring wheat cultivars during the pre-anthesis period in a Mediterranean-type environment. Field Crops Research 35: 113–22.









How to Cite

MEENA, M., BANDYOPADHYAY, K. K., SARANGI, A., PRADHAN, S., & KRISHNAN, P. (2022). Effect of tillage and irrigation management on radiation use efficiency of wheat (Triticum aestivum). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(3), 324-328. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122679