Agrometeorological evaluation of mustard (Brassica juncea) under organic production in North Western Indo-Gangetic Plains


Abstract views: 257 / PDF downloads: 58

Authors

  • N K JAT ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Uttar Pradesh 250 110, India
  • M SHAMIM ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Uttar Pradesh 250 110, India
  • SUDHIR KUMAR ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Uttar Pradesh 250 110, India
  • N RAVISANKAR ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Uttar Pradesh 250 110, India
  • R S YADAV ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Uttar Pradesh 250 110, India
  • SUBHASH BABU ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Uttar Pradesh 250 110, India
  • A S PANWAR ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Uttar Pradesh 250 110, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122682

Keywords:

Agrometeorological indices, Correlation, Growing degree-days, Mustard, Organic production system, Phenophases

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to evaluate agrometeorological parameters associated with seed yield of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) varieties in an organic production system. During the study, significant variation was recorded in crop phenophases, growth, yield attributes, and seed yield of mustard. Varieties NRCHB-101 and Pusa Mustard-25 have taken significantly minimum days to commence flowering (46–48 days) and attaining physiological maturity (89–90 days). Variety RGN-48 being at par with RH-406 and RGN-229, recorded significantly higher plant height, while RGN-229 recorded the significantly highest biomass accumulation at all the growth stages. Varieties RH-406, Pusa Bold, and DRMRIJ-31 recorded significantly higher seeds per siliqua (16.2–16.5), whereas significantly higher test weight was recorded in Pusa Bold (6.3 g) and DRMRIJ-31 (6.0 g). In seed yield, variety RH-406 (1.97 t/ha) and DRMRIJ-31 (1.42 t/ha) were found significantly highest and lowest, respectively. A significant positive correlations of mustard seed yield was noticed with biomass accumulation at 30 DAS (r=441**), 60 DAS (r=0.614**), 90 DAS (r=0.620**) and biological yield at harvest (r=0.496**). Contrary to test weight, seeds per siliqua had shown a positive effect (r=0.266*) on the seed yield of the mustard. Seed yield of mustard was also influenced by some agrometeorological indices with correlation coefficients (r) of mean minimum temperature at flowering and physiological maturity and mean maximum temperature at physiological maturity were -0.207*, -0.249*, and -0.241*, respectively. Net solar radiation and cumulative temperature difference at physiological maturity also had significant and positive effects on the seed yield of mustard.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alam M, Mahbubul, Ferdousi B and Roy P. 2014. Yield and yield attributes of rapeseed–mustard (Brassica) genotypes grown under late sown condition. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 39(2): 311–36.

Anonymous. 2016. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India, PDS-256(E), 500-2017 (DSK-III), p: 489.

Das Anup, Patel D P, Munda G C and Ghosh P K. 2010. Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on yield, nutrient uptake, and soil fertility of maize (Zea mays)- mustard (Brassica compestris) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 80(1): 85–88.

Dutta A, Dutta S K, Jena S, Nath R, Bandyopadhyay P and Chakraborty K. 2011. Effect of growing degree-days on biological growth indices of wheat and mustard. Journal of Crop and Weed 7(1): 70–76.

Garai T K, Datta J K and Mondal N K. 2014. Evaluation of integrated nutrient management on Boro rice in alluvial soil and its impacts upon growth, yield attributes yield and soil nutrient status. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 60: 1–14.

Kayaçetin F, Fadul O, Güngör Y, Khalid M K, Ahmet K, Halil H, Mehmet N K, Nimet K, Arzu K, Fırat S and Kadir A O. 2019. Growing degree day and seed yield relationships in mustard (Brassica juncea L.) under different sowing seasons and locations of Turkey. Tarim Bilimleri Dergisi- Journal of Agriculture Science 25: 298–308.

Mondal T, Datta J K and Mondal N K. 2017. Chemical fertilizer in conjunction with biofertilizer and vermicompost induced changes in morpho-physiological and biochemical traits of mustard crop. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 16: 135–44.

Reddy V K and Immanuelraj K T. 2017. Area, production, yield trends and pattern of oilseeds growth in India. Economic Affairs 62(2): 327–34.

Shamim M, Singh D, Gangwar B, Singh K K and Kumar V. 2013. Agrometeorological indices in relation to phenology, biomass accumulation and yield of rice genotypes under Western Plain zone of Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Agrometeorology 15(special issue-II): 50–57.

Shekhawat K, Rathore S S, Premi O P, Kandpal B K and Chauhan J S. 2012. Advances in agronomic management of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. Cosson): An Overview. International Journal of Agronomy doi:10.1155/2012/408284.

Yadav V S. 2019. ‘Effect of weather parameters on mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern) under extended sowing time’. MSc Thesis, Vasantrao Naik Marathwasa Krishi Vidapeeth, Parbhani, Maharashtra.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-03-28

Published

2022-03-29

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

JAT, N. K., SHAMIM, M., KUMAR, S., RAVISANKAR, N., YADAV, R. S., BABU, S., & PANWAR, A. S. (2022). Agrometeorological evaluation of mustard (Brassica juncea) under organic production in North Western Indo-Gangetic Plains. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(3), 339-343. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122682
Citation