Optimization of operational parameters for dust separa


Abstract views: 162 / PDF downloads: 64

Authors

  • MUDASIR ALI Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • A K DIXIT Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • G S MANES Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • M SINGH Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • A VERMA Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122683

Keywords:

Acid insoluble ash, Dust concentration, Dust separation system, Wheat straw combine

Abstract

Straw obtained after mechanical harvesting with combine contains foreign matter like dust which makes it unhealthy for milch animals. An attempt was made to develop a dust separation system for wheat straw combine at Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, PAU Ludhiana during 2019–20. The study involved optimisation of operational parameters for effective dust separation system in wheat straw combine and evaluation of optimized dust separation system under field conditions. The laboratory evaluation of sieve setup was carried for three sieve sizes (3 mm, 4mm, 5 mm), three ossciliations (300, 350, 400 spm) and two residue load conditions (0.572 kg, 0.738 kg). Sieve setup consisted of variable drive system with control unit and electric motor of 2.0 kW having rotational speed of 1500 rpm. The operational parameter, sieve opening size ɸ5 mm and sieve oscillations 400 spm was found better to give the straw quality parameters such as ash content, acid insoluble ash and dust concentration in the range of 8.60–8.77%, 5.14–5.90% and 5.44–6.30%, respectively. The developed system will help in reducing the dust concentration in the wheat straw during harvesting.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ali M. 2020. ‘Design, development and evaluation of a dust separation system for wheat straw combine’. PhD Thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab.

Anonymous 2019. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2019, Ministry of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of India, New Delhi, pp. 77–78.

Bhardwaj A. 2008. ‘Studies on design parameters for development of a dust separation system for wheat straw combine’. MTech Thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab.

Bhardwaj A and Mahal J S. 2014. Study of dust content in wheat straw harvested by wheat straw combine. International Journal of Agricultural Engineering 7: 149–51.

Dhimate A S. 2014. ‘Refinement and evaluation of straw bruising and sieving system for wheat straw combine’. MTech Thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab.

Dhimate A S, Mahal J S and Dixit A K. 2016. Development of modified wheat straw reaper by using CAD software. Agricultural Engineering Today 40: 3–12.

IS 13857-1993 (Reaffirmed 1998). Tea-determination of acid-insoluble ash.

IS 15805-2008. Straw reaper-combine test code. Part 2 performance test.

Keulen J V and Young B A. 1977. Evaluation of acid-insoluble ash as a natural marker in ruminant digestibility studies. Journal of Animal Science 44: 282–86.

Mehta C R, Chandel N S, Jena P C and Jha A. 2019. Indian agriculture counting on farm mechanization. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America 50: 84–89.

Singh M, Manes G S and Bector V. 2017. Do not burn wheat straw. Progressive farming, pp. 7–8. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-03-28

Published

2022-03-29

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

ALI, M., DIXIT, A. K., MANES, G. S., SINGH, M., & VERMA, A. (2022). Optimization of operational parameters for dust separa. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(3), 344-347. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122683
Citation