Studies on tillage and green manuring for enhancing productivity of wheat (Triticum aestivum)


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Authors

  • SUNIL KUMAR Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 222 105, India
  • R N MEENA Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 222 105, India
  • R K SINGH Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 222 105, India
  • V K SRIVASTAVA Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 222 105, India
  • VIKRAM KUMAR Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 222 105, India
  • K HEMALATHA Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 222 105, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122685

Keywords:

Clusterbean, Conventional tillage, Cowpea, Dhaincha, Green Manure, Sunnhemp, Wheat, Zero Tillage

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted in 2016–17 and 2017–18 during kharif and rabi season at agricultural research farm of BHU, Varanasi, to study the effect of different tillage practices and green manuring on productivity and profitability of maize-wheat cropping system. The experiment was laid out in split plot design comprising 20 treatments. The four different tillage practices, viz. T1 (Conventional tillage maize-Conventional tillage wheat), T2 (Minimum tillage maize-Minimum tillage wheat), T3 (Minimum tillage maize-Zero tillage wheat) and T4 (Zero tillage maize-Zero tillage wheat) were assigned to main plot and five summer green manuring treatments, viz. M1 (Summer fallowing), M2 (Dhaincha), M3 (Sunnhemp), M4 (Clusterbean) and M5 (Cowpea) were kept in sub plots. The treatment, T4 and T1 were at par with each other and registered higher yield attributing characters, grain (4814.61, 4931.94 and 4754.03, 4840.69 kg/ha during 2016–17 and 2017–18, respectively) and straw yield, quality and B:C ratio. In case of summer green manuring, M2 (Dhaincha) recorded higher yield attributing characters, grain and straw yield and quality (4846.27, 4957.54 kg/ha during 2016–17 and 2017–18, respectively) over other treatments but it was at par with M3 (Sunnhemp). It is recommended that ZT wheat and summer green manure Dhaincha residue mulching should be followed to achieve higher yield and profitability.

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References

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Submitted

2022-03-28

Published

2022-03-29

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How to Cite

KUMAR, S., MEENA, R. N., SINGH, R. K., SRIVASTAVA, V. K., KUMAR, V., & HEMALATHA, K. (2022). Studies on tillage and green manuring for enhancing productivity of wheat (Triticum aestivum). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(3), 353-356. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122685
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